Why Java Is Called Scripting Language?


Scott Campbell

Why Java Is Called Scripting Language?

Java is a high-level programming language that is widely used for developing a variety of applications, from web and mobile apps to enterprise software. It is known for its robustness, platform independence, and extensive libraries.

However, despite its many advantages, Java is not typically referred to as a scripting language. In this article, we will explore why Java is not generally considered a scripting language and the factors that distinguish it from traditional scripting languages.

The Definition of Scripting Language

To understand why Java is not called a scripting language, it is essential to define what exactly constitutes a scripting language. A scripting language is typically interpreted rather than compiled. It allows developers to write code that can be executed directly by an interpreter without the need for compilation into machine code.

JVM and Bytecode Compilation

One of the primary reasons Java is not categorized as a scripting language is because it follows a different approach to execution. In Java, the source code is compiled into bytecode rather than being interpreted directly by an interpreter. The bytecode produced by the Java compiler can then be executed on any platform that has a Java Virtual Machine (JVM).

This compilation step offers several benefits such as improved performance since bytecode can be optimized by the JVM during runtime. Additionally, it provides platform independence as long as the Target platform has a compatible JVM implementation.

Type Safety and Static Typing

Another distinguishing feature of Java that sets it apart from most scripting languages is its strong type safety and static typing. In Java, variables must be declared with their specific types before they can be used. This type checking happens at compile-time and helps catch potential errors early in the development process.

This emphasis on static typing promotes code reliability and maintainability, making Java a popular choice for large-scale enterprise applications. In contrast, scripting languages often use dynamic typing, allowing variables to be assigned different types at runtime.

Object-Oriented Nature

Java is a fully object-oriented programming language that follows the principles of encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism. It provides robust support for creating classes, objects, and interfaces. This object-oriented nature allows developers to build complex applications with reusable and modular code.

In contrast, many scripting languages are typically more focused on simplicity and ease of use rather than strict adherence to object-oriented principles. They often provide quick and concise ways to perform specific tasks without the need for extensive class hierarchies or object structures.


In conclusion, Java is not commonly referred to as a scripting language due to its compilation process, type safety, and strong emphasis on object-oriented programming. While it shares some similarities with scripting languages in terms of syntax and libraries, its fundamental design principles and execution model set it apart. Understanding these distinctions can help developers choose the right tool for their specific needs and better appreciate the unique features that make Java such a powerful programming language.

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