Which Web Server Is Used in Nodejs?


Angela Bailey

Which Web Server Is Used in Node.js?

When building web applications using Node.js, one of the key components is the web server. A web server is responsible for handling incoming HTTP requests and returning appropriate responses to the client. In the case of Node.js, there are several options available for web servers.

HTTP Module

The simplest and most basic option is to use the built-in HTTP module provided by Node.js itself. This module allows you to create a server using the http.createServer() method, which takes a callback function as an argument. Within this callback function, you can define how to handle incoming requests and send back responses.


const http = require('http');

const server = http.createServer((req, res) => {
  res.statusCode = 200;
  res.setHeader('Content-Type', 'text/plain');
  res.end('Hello, World!');

server.listen(3000, () => {
  console.log('Server running on port 3000');


Express is a popular web framework for Node.js that provides a more advanced and feature-rich way of building web applications. It simplifies many common tasks such as routing, handling middleware, and serving static files.

To use Express as your web server in Node.js, you need to install it first using npm:

$ npm install express


const express = require('express');
const app = express();

app.get('/', (req, res) => {
  res.send('Hello, World!');

app.log('Server running on port 3000');


Koa is another popular web framework for Node.js that focuses on being smaller, more expressive, and more modular compared to Express. It uses async/await syntax for handling middleware and provides a cleaner and more concise code structure.

To use Koa as your web server in Node.js, you also need to install it using npm:

$ npm install koa


const Koa = require('koa');
const app = new Koa();

app.use(async (ctx) => {
  ctx.body = 'Hello, World!';


Hapi is a powerful and flexible web framework for Node.js that focuses on configuration-driven development. It provides a wide range of features such as routing, input validation, authentication, and caching.

To use Hapi as your web server in Node.js, you need to install it using npm:

$ npm install hapi


const Hapi = require('@hapi/hapi');

const init = async () => {
  const server = Hapi.server({
    port: 3000,
    host: 'localhost'

    method: 'GET',
    path: '/',
    handler: (request, h) => {
      return 'Hello, World!';

  await server.start();
  console.log('Server running on %s', server.info.uri);


These are just a few examples of web servers that can be used in Node.js. Each framework has its own strengths and features, so it's important to choose the one that best fits your project's requirements.


In summary, when working with Node.js, you have several options for choosing a web server. The built-in HTTP module provides a basic solution, while frameworks like Express, Koa, and Hapi offer more advanced features and abstraction layers to simplify web application development.

Remember to consider factors such as performance, community support, and ease of use when making your decision. Ultimately, the choice of web server depends on your specific project needs and personal preferences.