Which Type of Data Is Called Metric Data?


Larry Thompson

When working with data, it’s important to understand the different types of data that exist. One common type of data is called metric data.

Metric data provides quantitative information and is used to measure or evaluate something. In this article, we will explore what exactly metric data is and how it differs from other types of data.

What is Metric Data?

Metric data, also known as numerical or quantitative data, consists of numbers that can be measured or counted. This type of data is objective and can be analyzed using mathematical operations. Metric data is commonly used in various fields such as science, business, and statistics.

Examples of Metric Data

Let’s take a look at some examples to better understand metric data:

  • Temperature: The temperature outside on a given day can be measured using a thermometer. For example, 30 degrees Celsius.
  • Height: The height of a person can be measured in centimeters or inches.

    For example, 165 centimeters.

  • Sales Revenue: The amount of money earned from sales in a business can be measured in dollars. For example, $10,000.

Distinguishing Metric Data from other Types

Metric data differs from other types of data such as categorical or ordinal data. Let’s briefly explore the differences:

  • Categorical Data: Categorical data represents qualitative information and is typically non-numerical. Examples include gender (male/female) or color (red/green/blue).
  • Ordinal Data: Ordinal data represents ordered categories and has a natural ordering but does not have a consistent numerical difference between values. Examples include rating scales like 1 to 5 stars.

Unlike categorical or ordinal data, metric data provides precise measurements and can be subjected to mathematical calculations, making it suitable for statistical analysis.

Why is Metric Data Important?

Metric data is crucial for making informed decisions and drawing meaningful conclusions. By collecting and analyzing metric data, we can gain insights into various aspects of a particular phenomenon or system. For example, businesses can use sales revenue data to evaluate their performance and make strategic decisions.

Furthermore, metric data allows us to quantify changes over time or compare different entities. Statistical techniques such as mean, median, standard deviation, and regression analysis can be applied to metric data to uncover patterns and relationships.


In conclusion, metric data is a type of numerical data that provides quantitative information. It differs from other types of data like categorical or ordinal data by its ability to be measured precisely and subjected to mathematical operations. Understanding metric data is essential for various fields as it allows for analysis and informed decision-making based on objective measurements.

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