Python is a versatile programming language that offers various data types to handle different kinds of information. These data types allow us to store and manipulate data efficiently.

In Python, we have several built-in data types such as integers, floats, strings, lists, tuples, and dictionaries. However, there is one data type that stands out from the rest – it’s the **complex** data type.

The complex data type in Python represents numbers in the form of **a + bj**, where **a** and **b** are real numbers and **j** represents the square root of -1 (also known as an imaginary unit). This data type is used to perform complex mathematical operations involving imaginary numbers.

Now that we know about the complex data type let’s take a look at the other number data types available in Python:

1. __Integers:__

Integers are whole numbers without any decimal points.

They can be positive or negative. For example: `10`

, `-5`

, and `0`

are all integers.

2. __Floats:__

Floats represent decimal numbers.

They can also be positive or negative. For example: `3.14`

, `-2.5`

, and `0.0`

are all floats.

3.

## Complex:

As mentioned earlier, the complex data type represents numbers with both a real and an imaginary part. It is used for advanced mathematical calculations involving imaginary numbers.

4.

### Booleans:

### None:

### Strings:

### Lists:

### Tuples:

### Dictionaries:

Booleans represent two values: True or False. They are useful in conditions and logical operations. For example: `True`

and `False`

are booleans.

The None data type represents the absence of a value. It is often used as a placeholder or to initialize variables without assigning them a value.

Strings are sequences of characters enclosed in single quotes (”) or double quotes (“”). They are used to represent text or words.

For example: `"Hello, World! "`

is a string.

Lists are ordered collections of items enclosed in square brackets ([]). They can contain elements of different data types and can be modified. For example: `[1, 2, "three", True]`

is a list.

Tuples are similar to lists, but they are immutable, meaning their elements cannot be changed once defined. Tuples are enclosed in parentheses (()). For example: `(1, 2, "three")`

is a tuple.

Dictionaries store key-value pairs enclosed in curly braces ({}). Each key in the dictionary must be unique, and it maps to its corresponding value.

Dictionaries are useful for storing and retrieving data based on keys. For example: `{"name": "John", "age": 25}`

is a dictionary.

So, to summarize, the complex data type is not a number data type in Python. It is a special data type used to represent numbers with both a real and an imaginary part. The other number data types in Python include integers, floats, booleans, and none.

Understanding these different data types is crucial when working with Python as it allows you to handle different types of information appropriately and efficiently. With the knowledge of these data types, you can write more robust and flexible code.