Which Data Type Supports Key Value Pair?


Heather Bennett

Which Data Type Supports Key Value Pair?

When working with programming languages, it is important to understand the different data types and their capabilities. One common need in many programming scenarios is the ability to store and access data using key-value pairs. This allows for efficient and organized data manipulation, retrieval, and storage.

Dictionary in Python

In Python, one data type that supports key-value pairs is the dictionary. A dictionary is an unordered collection of items where each item consists of a key and a corresponding value. The keys in a dictionary must be unique, while the values can be of any type.

To create a dictionary in Python, you can use curly braces ({}) and separate each key-value pair with a colon (:). Here’s an example:

my_dict = {
    "name": "John",
    "age": 25,
    "city": "New York"

You can access individual values in a dictionary by using their corresponding keys. For example:

name = my_dict["name"]
# Output: John

Object Literal in JavaScript

In JavaScript, you can use object literals to represent key-value pairs. An object literal is an unordered list of zero or more comma-separated pairs of property names and associated values enclosed in curly braces ({}).

var myObj = {
    name: "John",
    age: 25,
    city: "New York"

To access values from an object literal in JavaScript, you can use either dot notation or square bracket notation. Here are examples of both:

var name = myObj.name;
// Output: John

var age = myObj["age"];
// Output: 25

Associative Arrays in PHP

In PHP, associative arrays provide support for key-value pairs. Associative arrays are a type of array where each key is associated with a value. They are created using the array() function or by directly assigning values to keys using square brackets ([]).

$myArray = array(
    "name" => "John",
    "age" => 25,
    "city" => "New York"

To access values from an associative array in PHP, you can use the corresponding key as an index. Here’s an example:

$name = $myArray["name"];
echo $name;
// Output: John


In summary, several programming languages offer data types that support key-value pairs. Python provides dictionaries, JavaScript uses object literals, and PHP offers associative arrays.

These data types allow for efficient storage and retrieval of data based on unique keys. Understanding how to work with these data types is essential for effective programming.

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