What Type of Jobs Do Data Scientists Do?


Heather Bennett

Data science is an exciting and rapidly growing field that combines statistical analysis, machine learning, and computer programming to extract insights from data. As a data scientist, you can expect a diverse range of job responsibilities that will challenge your analytical skills and problem-solving abilities. In this article, we will explore the various types of jobs that data scientists do, giving you an insight into the exciting world of data science.

1. Data Analyst

A data analyst is responsible for collecting, cleaning, and analyzing large datasets to identify patterns and trends. They work closely with stakeholders to understand business requirements and provide actionable insights based on the analysis. Data analysts often use statistical software such as R or Python to perform their analyses and visualize the results using tools like Tableau or Power BI.

2. Machine Learning Engineer

A machine learning engineer focuses on developing and implementing algorithms that enable machines to learn from data and make predictions or decisions. They are skilled in programming languages like Python or Java and have a solid understanding of machine learning algorithms. Machine learning engineers work on tasks such as building recommendation systems, fraud detection models, or natural language processing applications.

3. Data Engineer

Data engineers are responsible for designing, constructing, and maintaining the infrastructure required for storing and processing large amounts of data. They work closely with data scientists and analysts to ensure the smooth flow of data from various sources into analytical systems. A data engineer’s role involves database design, ETL (extract, transform, load) processes, and performance optimization.

4. Research Scientist

A research scientist in data science focuses on exploring new methodologies or improving existing algorithms in areas such as machine learning or artificial intelligence. They work on cutting-edge research projects aimed at pushing the boundaries of what is possible in data science. Research scientists often have a Ph.D. in a related field and are adept at publishing research papers in conferences or journals.

5. Data Consultant

A data consultant works as an external expert hired by organizations to provide guidance on data-related strategies and initiatives. They help businesses identify opportunities for leveraging data to drive growth, improve efficiency, or solve complex problems. Data consultants may also assist in implementing data governance frameworks or developing data-driven business models.


Data science offers a wide range of job opportunities that cater to different skill sets and interests. Whether you enjoy analyzing complex datasets, building machine learning models, or designing robust data infrastructure, there is a role for you in the field of data science. Consider your strengths and passion when choosing a career path within this exciting domain, and keep learning and honing your skills to stay at the forefront of this rapidly evolving industry.

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