What Type of Data Is Stored in Redis?


Heather Bennett

What Type of Data Is Stored in Redis?

Redis is an open-source in-memory data structure store that can be used as a key-value database, cache, and message broker. It is known for its exceptional speed and versatility, making it a popular choice for various use cases. In this article, we will explore the different types of data that can be stored in Redis and how to work with them.


Strings are the most basic data type in Redis. They can store any binary data up to 512MB in size. Strings are often used to store simple values like user sessions, user preferences, or serialized objects.

You can perform various operations on strings such as setting a value using the SET command, getting a value using the GET command, appending to a value using the APPEND command, and more.


In Redis, you can also store lists. Lists are ordered collections of strings where elements can be added or removed from either end of the list. This makes them suitable for implementing queues or stacks.

To work with lists in Redis, you can use commands like LPUSH, RPOP, LLEN, and LINDEX. These commands allow you to push an element to the left of a list, pop an element from the right end of a list, get the length of a list, and access individual elements by index respectively.


Sets in Redis are unordered collections of unique strings. They provide efficient operations like adding elements, removing elements, and checking for membership. Sets are commonly used to store tags, followers, or any situation where you need to ensure uniqueness.

In Redis, you can use commands like SADD, SREM, SMEMBERS, and SISMEMBER to add elements to a set, remove elements from a set, retrieve all members of a set, and check if a member exists in a set respectively.


Hashes are key-value pairs stored within a single Redis key. They are useful for representing objects or storing more complex data structures. Each hash can hold up to 4 billion field-value pairs.

To work with hashes in Redis, you can use commands like HSET, HGET, HDEL, and HKEYS. These commands allow you to set a field-value pair in a hash, retrieve the value of a specific field, delete fields from a hash, and get all the fields in a hash respectively.

Sorted Sets

Sorted sets combine the functionality of sets and hashes by associating each member with a score. The members are sorted based on this score in an ascending order. Sorted sets are commonly used for leaderboards or ranking systems.

In Redis, you can use commands like ZADD, ZRANGE, ZREM, and ZRANK to add members with scores to a sorted set, retrieve members within a specific range of scores, remove members from a sorted set, and get the rank of a member respectively.

These are the main data types that Redis supports. By leveraging these data types and their respective commands, you can build powerful and efficient applications with Redis.

Remember to keep in mind the characteristics of each data type and choose the one that best suits your requirements. With Redis, you have the flexibility to handle various types of data and unleash the full potential of your applications.

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