What Type of Data Does the Joint Commission Examine?


Scott Campbell

The Joint Commission is an independent, non-profit organization that focuses on improving healthcare quality and safety in the United States. As part of their mission, they conduct regular inspections and assessments of healthcare organizations to ensure compliance with their standards. In this article, we will explore the different types of data that the Joint Commission examines during their evaluations.

Accreditation Process

Before diving into the specific types of data examined by the Joint Commission, it’s important to understand their accreditation process. Healthcare organizations voluntarily seek accreditation from the Joint Commission to demonstrate their commitment to providing high-quality care. The process involves a thorough evaluation of various aspects of the organization, including:

  • Leadership: The Joint Commission assesses how well leaders in the organization establish and maintain a culture of safety and quality.
  • Medical Staff: They review qualifications, credentials, and performance data of medical staff members.
  • Nursing Care: The quality of nursing care provided by the organization is evaluated through various indicators and measures.
  • Infection Control: The Joint Commission examines how well infection control practices are implemented to prevent healthcare-associated infections.

Data Collection

To evaluate these aspects, the Joint Commission collects data from multiple sources. Some common data sources include:

  • Patient Records: The commission reviews patient records to analyze various clinical indicators such as patient outcomes, medication errors, and adverse events.
  • Performance Measures: Healthcare organizations are required to report on specific performance measures related to patient safety and quality improvement initiatives.
  • Surveys and Interviews: The Joint Commission conducts surveys and interviews with staff, patients, and their families to gather insights about the organization’s practices and culture.
  • Incident Reports: Incident reports are reviewed to identify any patterns or trends related to patient safety incidents or near misses.

Data Analysis

Once the data is collected, the Joint Commission performs a comprehensive analysis to assess the organization’s compliance with their standards. They use various statistical methods and benchmarking techniques to compare the organization’s performance with national benchmarks and best practices.

The analysis includes identifying areas of improvement, potential risks, and opportunities for enhancing patient safety and quality of care. The Joint Commission provides detailed feedback and recommendations to help organizations address any identified deficiencies and improve their overall performance.


The Joint Commission examines a wide range of data during their evaluations of healthcare organizations. This data helps them assess compliance with their standards, identify areas for improvement, and promote a culture of continuous quality improvement in healthcare. By analyzing this data effectively, the Joint Commission plays a crucial role in ensuring that healthcare organizations deliver safe and high-quality care to their patients.

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