What SQL Data Type Is Percentage?


Heather Bennett

What SQL Data Type Is Percentage?

In SQL, there is no specific data type that represents percentages. However, you can still store and manipulate percentage values using other data types, such as DECIMAL or FLOAT. In this article, we will explore how to work with percentage data in SQL.

Using the DECIMAL Data Type

The DECIMAL data type is commonly used to store numeric values with a fixed number of decimal places. It allows you to specify the total number of digits and the number of decimal places. To store percentage values, you can define a column with the DECIMAL data type and set the appropriate precision and scale.


    SaleID INT,
    SaleAmount DECIMAL(5, 2),
    SalePercentage DECIMAL(3, 2)

In the above example, the SaleAmount column stores the sales amount as a decimal number with a precision of 5 digits and 2 decimal places. The SalePercentage column stores the sales percentage as a decimal number with a precision of 3 digits and 2 decimal places.

Using the FLOAT Data Type

The FLOAT data type is used to store approximate numeric values. It provides more flexibility in terms of precision and scale compared to the DECIMAL data type. However, it is important to note that floating-point numbers may not always represent exact decimal values due to their internal representation.


  • The precision and scale for FLOAT data type are implementation-dependent and may vary across different database systems.
  • When performing calculations with FLOAT values, it is recommended to use appropriate rounding or formatting functions to ensure accurate results.

Formatting Percentage Values

When retrieving percentage values from the database, you may want to format them for display purposes. SQL provides various functions to format numeric values as percentages.


SELECT SaleID, CONCAT(SalePercentage * 100, '%') AS FormattedPercentage
FROM Sales;

In the above example, the CONCAT function is used to concatenate the calculated percentage value with the ‘%’ symbol, resulting in a formatted string representation of the percentage.


In SQL, there is no dedicated data type for percentages. However, you can store and manipulate percentage values using other numeric data types like DECIMAL or FLOAT.

Remember to consider the precision and scale requirements of your application when choosing a data type. Additionally, use appropriate formatting functions to display percentage values in a user-friendly format.

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