What Should My DNS Server Be?
Choosing the right DNS (Domain Name System) server is crucial for ensuring a smooth and efficient internet browsing experience. Your DNS server acts as a translator, converting human-readable domain names into IP addresses that computers can understand. But with so many options available, how do you know which DNS server is right for you?
What is a DNS Server?
A DNS server is like the phone book of the internet. When you type in a website address (URL) in your browser, such as www.example.com, your computer sends a request to a DNS server to translate that URL into an IP address, which represents the actual location of the website’s server on the internet.
By using a reliable and fast DNS server, you can ensure that your requests for websites are processed quickly and accurately.
Default vs. Third-Party DNS Servers
When you connect to the internet, your ISP (Internet Service Provider) automatically assigns you a default DNS server. While these default servers are generally adequate, they may not always prioritize speed and security.
This is where third-party DNS servers come in. These servers are maintained by various organizations or companies and offer additional features and benefits compared to default servers.
The Benefits of Using Third-Party DNS Servers
- Faster Browsing Speed: Third-party DNS servers often have multiple data centers strategically located around the world. This allows them to provide faster response times by directing your requests to the nearest available server.
- Better Security: Some third-party DNS servers offer enhanced security features like built-in malware protection and phishing protection.
These additional layers of security can help protect you from potential online threats.
- Improved Privacy: Default DNS servers provided by ISPs may log your browsing history, potentially compromising your privacy. However, many third-party DNS servers prioritize user privacy and do not retain or sell user data.
Popular Third-Party DNS Servers
Now that you understand the benefits of using third-party DNS servers, let’s explore some popular options:
- Google Public DNS: Google Public DNS is a widely used and reliable option. It offers fast response times and focuses on security.
- Cloudflare DNS: Cloudflare DNS is known for its exceptional speed and robust security features.
It also offers additional functionalities like built-in content filtering.
- OpenDNS: OpenDNS provides customizable security settings, making it a popular choice for families and businesses. It offers advanced filtering options to block malicious websites.
How to Change Your DNS Server
To change your DNS server, follow these steps:
- Go to the Control Panel and open Network and Sharing Center.
- Select your network connection and click on Properties.
- Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) and click on Properties again.
- Select “Use the following DNS server addresses” and enter the IP addresses of your preferred DNS server.
- Click OK to save the changes.
- Click on the Apple menu and go to System Preferences.
- Open the Network preference pane.
- Select your network connection and click on Advanced.
- Go to the DNS tab and click on the + button to add a new DNS server.
- Enter the IP addresses of your preferred DNS server and click OK to save the changes.
- Edit the network configuration file located in /etc/netplan/ (specific location may vary depending on the Linux distribution).
- Add a nameservers section with the IP addresses of your preferred DNS server.
- Save the file and run “sudo netplan apply” in the terminal to apply the changes.
Remember, when changing your DNS server, it may take some time for the changes to propagate. If you encounter any issues, you can always revert back to your default DNS server or try another third-party option.
In conclusion, choosing the right DNS server is essential for optimizing your internet browsing experience. Consider factors like speed, security, and privacy when deciding between default and third-party DNS servers. By making an informed choice and following the necessary steps to change your DNS server, you can enjoy faster browsing speeds, improved security, and better privacy online.