What Scripting Language Are in macOS?


Heather Bennett

Scripting languages are an integral part of macOS, providing users with the ability to automate tasks, create scripts, and customize their operating system experience. In this article, we will explore some of the prominent scripting languages that come pre-installed with macOS.

One of the most widely used scripting languages in macOS is Bash (Bourne Again SHell). Bash is a command language interpreter that allows users to execute commands, automate tasks, and create shell scripts. It provides a powerful set of features such as variables, loops, conditionals, and functions.

Another popular scripting language in macOS is Python. Python is known for its simplicity and readability, making it an excellent choice for beginners. It offers a vast array of libraries and modules that extend its functionality for various purposes such as web development, data analysis, machine learning, and more.

Perl is a versatile scripting language that has been included in macOS for many years. It excels at text processing and provides powerful regular expression capabilities. Perl’s extensive library ecosystem makes it suitable for a wide range of tasks like system administration, web development, and network programming.

Ruby is another scripting language available on macOS by default. It focuses on simplicity and productivity while offering a clean syntax. Ruby has gained popularity due to its usage in web development frameworks like Ruby on Rails.

JavaScript is primarily known as a client-side scripting language for web browsers. However, macOS also includes JavaScript engines like Node.js that allow users to run JavaScript outside the browser environment. This makes it possible to create server-side applications or perform automation tasks using JavaScript.

Additional Scripting Languages:

In addition to the aforementioned languages, there are several other scripting languages available on macOS that can be installed separately:

  • PHP: PHP is a widely used server-side scripting language for web development.
  • Swift: Swift is Apple’s own programming language, primarily used for iOS, macOS, and watchOS app development.
  • Rust: Rust is a modern systems programming language that focuses on safety, concurrency, and performance.


In conclusion, macOS provides users with a rich selection of scripting languages out of the box. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced developer, there is a scripting language to suit your needs.

From the versatile Bash to the powerful Python and Perl, these languages empower users to automate tasks and customize their macOS experience. Additionally, with the ability to install additional scripting languages like PHP or Swift, users have even more options at their disposal. So go ahead and explore the world of scripting on macOS!

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