What Programming Language Is Not Object Oriented?


Larry Thompson

What Programming Language Is Not Object Oriented?

Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a popular paradigm in modern software development. It organizes code around objects that encapsulate data and behavior.

However, not all programming languages follow this approach. In this article, we will explore some programming languages that are not object-oriented and the reasons behind their design choices.

1. C

C is one of the most influential programming languages of all time, but it is not object-oriented. It was developed in the early 1970s by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs as a successor to the B language. C focuses on procedural programming, where code is organized into functions that operate on data.

Though C lacks built-in support for objects and classes, it offers structures that can group related data together. These structures can be used to create custom data types with associated operations. However, C does not provide inherent mechanisms for inheritance or polymorphism.

2. Fortran

Fortran (short for Formula Translation) is one of the oldest high-level programming languages, initially designed for scientific and engineering computations. Developed in the 1950s by IBM, it was primarily focused on numerical calculations and mathematical formulas.

Fortran was designed as a procedural language with a strong emphasis on efficiency and performance. It does not feature built-in support for object-oriented concepts like classes or objects. Instead, Fortran focuses on arrays and subroutines to handle complex mathematical calculations efficiently.

3. Assembly Language

Assembly language is a low-level programming language that provides a direct representation of machine code instructions. It is specific to each type of processor architecture and allows programmers to write instructions that directly manipulate hardware resources.

Assembly language is not object-oriented because it is designed to provide fine-grained control over hardware resources, rather than abstracting them into higher-level objects. It is primarily used in scenarios where performance and low-level access are critical, such as device drivers or operating system development.

4. SQL

Structured Query Language (SQL) is a specialized language used for managing relational databases. It allows users to define, manipulate, and retrieve data stored in a structured manner. SQL is built around the concept of tables and relations, rather than objects.

While SQL does not follow the traditional object-oriented paradigm, it does support some object-oriented features through extensions like Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) frameworks. These frameworks bridge the gap between object-oriented languages and relational databases by mapping objects to database tables.


In conclusion, while object-oriented programming has gained significant popularity in modern software development, there are several programming languages that do not follow this paradigm. Languages like C, Fortran, Assembly Language, and SQL prioritize other design considerations such as performance, efficiency, or specialized domain requirements.

Understanding these non-object-oriented languages can broaden your perspective as a programmer and help you appreciate the diverse approaches available in the world of programming.

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