What Port Number Would You Open on Your Web Server for SSH?


Heather Bennett

When it comes to setting up a web server, one of the most important considerations is the security of your server. One way to ensure a secure connection to your server is by enabling SSH access.

SSH, or Secure Shell, is a cryptographic network protocol that allows secure communication between two computers. It provides a secure channel over an unsecured network and is widely used for remote administration of servers.

To enable SSH access on your web server, you need to open a specific port number. Port numbers are used to identify different services running on a computer or server. Each service has a unique port number associated with it.

In the case of SSH, the default port number is 22. This means that if you want to enable SSH access on your web server, you need to open port 22.

Now, you might be wondering why it’s important to know which port number to open for SSH? Well, opening the correct port ensures that incoming traffic for SSH connections is directed to the right service (in this case, the SSH service running on your server). If you were to open a different port number for SSH, incoming traffic would not reach the SSH service and therefore you wouldn’t be able to establish an SSH connection.

To open port 22 for SSH, you will need administrative access to your web server. The exact steps may vary depending on the operating system and web server software you are using. However, here’s a general outline of what needs to be done:

1. Accessing Your Web Server

Firstly, log in to your web server either through physical access or via remote administration tools like Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP). Ensure that you have administrative privileges.

2. Configuring Firewall Settings

Next, navigate to your firewall settings.

Firewalls act as barriers between your web server and potential threats from the internet. You need to configure your firewall to allow incoming connections on port 22 (SSH).

2.1 Windows Firewall

If you are using the built-in Windows Firewall, follow these steps:

  • Open the Control Panel and search for “Windows Defender Firewall.”
  • Click on “Allow an app or feature through Windows Defender Firewall.”
  • In the new window, click on “Change settings” (you might need administrator privileges).
  • Scroll down to find “OpenSSH Server” and make sure both private and public checkboxes are selected.
  • Click “OK” to save the changes.

2.2 Linux Firewall (iptables)

If you are using a Linux-based operating system with iptables as your firewall, you can use the following commands to open port 22:

  • sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
  • sudo iptables-save | sudo tee /etc/iptables.rules

3. Restarting Services

Once you have made the necessary firewall changes, you should restart your SSH service for the changes to take effect.

  • If you are using OpenSSH server on Linux, use the command: sudo systemctl restart sshd
  • If you are using OpenSSH server on Windows, restart the “OpenSSH SSH Server” service through Services.

4. Connecting via SSH

With port 22 open for SSH traffic, you can now establish an SSH connection to your web server. You will need an SSH client, such as PuTTY for Windows or the built-in SSH client for Linux or macOS.

To connect using PuTTY:

  • Launch PuTTY and enter your web server’s IP address.
  • Make sure the port is set to 22.
  • Select the SSH connection type.
  • Click on “Open” to establish the connection.


Opening port 22 on your web server is crucial if you want to enable SSH access. By correctly configuring your firewall settings and restarting the appropriate services, you can establish a secure SSH connection to your server. Remember to always prioritize security when managing your web server and ensure that you follow best practices for remote administration.

Note: It’s worth mentioning that port numbers can be changed for various reasons, including security considerations. In some cases, changing the default port number for SSH (from 22 to a different value) can help prevent automated attacks from malicious bots scanning common ports. However, this article focuses on the default port number for SSH (port 22) and assumes that no changes have been made to it.

Discord Server - Web Server - Private Server - DNS Server - Object-Oriented Programming - Scripting - Data Types - Data Structures

Privacy Policy