What Languages Are Used in Database Scripting?


Angela Bailey

When it comes to scripting in databases, there are several languages that are commonly used. These languages allow developers to interact with databases, retrieve and manipulate data, and perform various operations. In this article, we will explore some of the most popular languages used in database scripting.


SQL (Structured Query Language) is a standard language used for managing relational databases. It is a powerful language that allows users to define, manipulate, and control data in a database. SQL can be used to create tables, insert and update data, retrieve information with queries, and much more.


PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is a procedural extension of SQL used in Oracle databases. It combines the power of SQL with programming constructs such as loops, conditional statements, and exception handling. PL/SQL allows developers to write complex scripts and stored procedures for efficient database management.


T-SQL (Transact-SQL) is Microsoft’s implementation of SQL and is primarily used with Microsoft SQL Server. T-SQL extends the capabilities of SQL by adding procedural programming features like variables, functions, and control flow statements. It enables developers to create powerful scripts for managing data in SQL Server.


PL/pgSQL is a procedural language specific to PostgreSQL databases. Similar to PL/SQL and T-SQL, PL/pgSQL allows developers to write stored procedures, functions, and triggers using procedural constructs like loops and conditionals.

NoSQL Query Languages

In addition to traditional relational databases, there are also NoSQL databases that use different query languages:

MongoDB Query Language (MQL)

MongoDB Query Language (MQL) is a query language used with MongoDB, a popular NoSQL document database. MQL allows developers to perform complex queries and aggregations on JSON-like documents.

Couchbase N1QL

Couchbase N1QL is a SQL-like query language used with Couchbase, another NoSQL document database. It combines the syntax of SQL with powerful extensions for working with JSON data.


In conclusion, various languages are used in database scripting, depending on the type of database and the specific requirements. SQL is the most common language for managing relational databases, while PL/SQL, T-SQL, and PL/pgSQL provide additional features and capabilities for specific database systems.

NoSQL databases also have their own query languages like MQL and Couchbase N1QL. As a developer, it is essential to be familiar with these scripting languages to effectively work with databases.

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