What Is Window Scripting?


Scott Campbell

Window Scripting refers to the process of manipulating and controlling various aspects of a web browser’s window using JavaScript. It allows developers to interact with the window object, which represents the browser window or tab that a web page is displayed in. In this article, we will explore the different functionalities and techniques involved in window scripting.

Manipulating Window Size:
One of the most common tasks in window scripting is resizing the browser window. This can be achieved using the window.resizeTo() method.

This method accepts two parameters: width and height, which represent the desired dimensions of the window. For example, to resize the window to 800 pixels wide and 600 pixels tall, you can use:

window.resizeTo(800, 600);

In addition to resizing, you can also move a window to specific coordinates on the screen using window.moveTo(). This method takes two parameters: x and y, which represent the horizontal and vertical positions respectively.

Opening New Windows:
Window scripting also allows us to open new browser windows or tabs programmatically. The window.open() method is used for this purpose. It accepts several optional parameters such as URL, Target name, and window features.

For example, to open a new window with a specific URL and dimensions, you can use:

window.open('https://example.com', '_blank', 'width=800,height=600');

The first parameter specifies the URL of the page that will be loaded in the new window. The second parameter determines how the new window will be opened – ‘_blank’ opens it in a new tab or window depending on browser settings. The third parameter defines additional features like width and height.

Controlling Window Focus:
With window scripting, you can also control which browser window or tab has focus.focus() method is used to bring a window to the front and give it focus. This is particularly useful when working with multiple windows or tabs.


Similarly, you can use window.blur() to remove focus from the current window or tab.

Closing Windows:
To close a browser window or tab using JavaScript, we can simply call the window.close() method. However, this method has certain restrictions due to security concerns. It can usually only be called on windows that were opened by a script using the window.open() method.

Detecting Window Events:
Window scripting also allows us to detect various events related to the browser window. These events include when a window is resized, moved, closed, or its focus changes. By attaching event listeners to these events, we can execute specific scripts when they occur.

For example, to detect when a window is resized, you can use:

window.addEventListener('resize', function() {
// code to execute when the window is resized

Similarly, you can listen for other events like ‘move’, ‘beforeunload’, and ‘focus’.

List of Common Window Methods:

  • window.resizeTo(width, height): Resizes the browser window.
  • window.moveTo(x, y): Moves the browser window to specific coordinates.open(url, TargetName, features): Opens a new browser window or tab.focus(): Gives focus to a browser window or tab.blur(): Removes focus from the current browser window or tab.close(): Closes a browser window or tab.


Window scripting in JavaScript provides developers with the ability to manipulate and control various aspects of the browser window. From resizing and moving windows to opening new windows or tabs, controlling focus, and detecting window events, window scripting offers a wide range of functionalities. By utilizing these techniques, developers can create more interactive and dynamic web applications.

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