What Is Web Server Tutorial?


Angela Bailey

A web server tutorial is a comprehensive guide that helps individuals understand the concept and functionality of web servers. In this tutorial, we will explore the key aspects of web servers, including their definition, types, and how they work.

What is a Web Server?

A web server is a computer program or software that serves as the backbone of the World Wide Web. It is responsible for processing incoming requests from clients (such as web browsers) and delivering the requested resources, such as HTML files, images, videos, etc., over the internet.

Web servers use various protocols to communicate with clients. The most commonly used protocol is the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), which allows for the transfer of hypertext documents.

Types of Web Servers

There are several types of web servers available today. Let’s take a look at some of the most popular ones:

  • Apache HTTP Server: Apache is one of the most widely used open-source web servers. It is known for its stability, security, and flexibility. Apache supports multiple operating systems and can handle a large number of concurrent connections.
  • Nginx: Nginx (pronounced “engine x”) is a lightweight and high-performance web server that focuses on scalability and speed.

    It is often used as a reverse proxy or load balancer in addition to its role as a web server.

  • Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS): IIS is a web server developed by Microsoft and is primarily designed to run on Windows operating systems. It offers excellent integration with other Microsoft technologies and provides robust security features.
  • Lighttpd: Lighttpd (pronounced “lighty”) is a lightweight web server known for its low memory footprint and high performance. It is commonly used for serving static content and handling a large number of concurrent connections.

How Does a Web Server Work?

When a client (such as a web browser) sends a request to a web server, the following steps occur:

  1. Client Request: The client sends an HTTP request to the web server, specifying the desired resource (e.g., an HTML file).
  2. Server Processing: The web server receives the request and processes it. This involves identifying the requested resource, reading the corresponding file from the server’s storage, and generating a response.
  3. Response Generation: The web server generates an HTTP response containing the requested resource. This response typically includes headers with metadata and the actual content of the resource.
  4. Response Transmission: The generated response is then transmitted back to the client over the internet using the HTTP protocol.
  5. Client Rendering: Finally, the client receives the response and renders it on the user’s device, displaying the requested resource (e., rendering an HTML page in a web browser).


In conclusion, understanding web servers is essential for anyone involved in website development or administration. They play a crucial role in delivering resources to clients over the internet. In this tutorial, we explored what web servers are, discussed different types of servers, and learned about their working mechanisms.

By grasping these fundamental concepts, you’ll be well-equipped to dive deeper into advanced topics related to web servers and enhance your overall understanding of how websites function on a technical level.

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