What Is Web Server in Node Js?


Larry Thompson

In this tutorial, we will explore the concept of a web server in Node.js. But before diving into the topic, let’s start by understanding what a web server is and why it is essential for web development.

What is a Web Server?

A web server is a software or hardware that hosts websites and serves their content to clients upon request. It acts as an intermediary between the client (usually a web browser) and the server-side application (which generates dynamic web pages).

Web servers handle HTTP requests sent by clients and respond with HTML, CSS, JavaScript files, or other resources required to render a webpage. They are responsible for processing these requests, executing server-side code, interacting with databases, and returning the appropriate response back to the client.

Web Servers in Node.js

Node.js allows us to create our own web servers using its built-in http module. This module provides all the necessary functions and classes to handle HTTP requests and responses.

To create a basic web server in Node.js, we need to follow these steps:

  • Create an instance of the http.Server class.
  • Specify how the server should respond to incoming requests using event listeners.
  • Start the server by listening on a specific port.

The following code snippet demonstrates how to create a simple web server in Node.js:

// Import required modules
const http = require('http');

// Create an instance of http.Server
const server = http.createServer();

// Handle incoming requests
server.on('request', (req, res) => {
  // Write response headers
  res.writeHead(200, { 'Content-Type': 'text/plain' });

  // Write response body
  res.write('Hello, World!');

  // End the response

// Start the server on port 3000
server.listen(3000, () => {
  console.log('Server is running on http://localhost:3000');

In the above code, we import the http module and create an instance of http.Server. We then attach an event listener to handle incoming requests. Inside the event listener callback function, we write the response headers, body, and end the response.

Finally, we start the server by calling the listen() method and provide a port number to listen on. In this case, we chose port 3000.


In conclusion, a web server is a crucial component of web development. With Node.js’s built-in http module, we can easily create our own web servers to handle HTTP requests and serve dynamic content. Understanding how web servers work is essential for building scalable and efficient web applications.

I hope this tutorial has provided you with a clear understanding of what a web server is in Node.js and how to create one using its built-in module. Happy coding!

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