# What Is Traversing Linear Array in Data Structure?

//

Heather Bennett

In data structure, traversing a linear array refers to the process of accessing and examining each element in the array sequentially. This operation is essential for performing various operations on the array, such as searching, sorting, and modifying its elements. Traversing allows us to process each element individually and perform specific tasks based on its value or position within the array.

## Types of Traversing

There are two common types of traversing a linear array: sequential traversal and random access traversal.

### 1. Sequential Traversal

In sequential traversal, we visit each element in the array one by one, starting from the first element and moving towards the last. This type of traversal is commonly used when we need to perform an operation on every element in a specific order.

To illustrate sequential traversal, let’s consider an example:

```<code>
int[] numbers = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
for (int i = 0; i < numbers.length; i++) {
System.out.println(numbers[i]);
}
</code>
```
• Line 1: We declare an integer array named “numbers” and initialize it with some values.
• Line 2: We use a for loop to iterate through each element in the array.
• Line 3: Within the loop, we print each element using its index.

The output of this code will be:

```<code>
1
2
3
4
5
</code>
```

### 2. Random Access Traversal

In random access traversal, we directly access elements in the array based on their index, regardless of their order. This type of traversal is useful when we need to perform operations on specific elements without processing the entire array.

Here’s an example demonstrating random access traversal:

```<code>
int[] numbers = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
System.println(numbers);
</code>
```
• Line 1: We declare an integer array named “numbers” and initialize it with some values.
• Line 2: We directly access and print the value at index 2.
```<code>
3
</code>
```

## Conclusion

In summary, traversing a linear array is a fundamental operation in data structures. Sequential traversal allows us to process each element in a specific order, while random access traversal enables us to directly access individual elements without iterating through the entire array. Understanding these techniques is crucial for efficiently working with linear arrays and performing various operations on their elements.