# What Is TimeSpan Data Type?

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Heather Bennett

What Is TimeSpan Data Type?

When working with dates and times in programming, it is often necessary to perform calculations or manipulate the time duration between two points. The TimeSpan data type in C# provides a convenient way to represent and work with durations of time.

## The TimeSpan Structure

The TimeSpan structure represents a duration or elapsed time, and it is part of the System namespace in C#. It can be used to store values ranging from negative 10675199.02:48:05.4775808 to positive 10675199.4775807, which covers a vast range of time intervals.

To create a new instance of the TimeSpan structure, you can use its constructor by specifying the number of ticks, hours, minutes, seconds, milliseconds, or days:

``````
TimeSpan timeSpan1 = new TimeSpan(10, 0, 0); // Represents a duration of 10 hours
TimeSpan timeSpan2 = new TimeSpan(0, 30, 0); // Represents a duration of 30 minutes
TimeSpan timeSpan3 = new TimeSpan(0, 0, 45); // Represents a duration of 45 seconds
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## Properties and Methods

The TimeSpan structure provides various properties and methods that allow you to perform common operations on durations:

• TotalDays: Gets the value of the current TimeSpan structure expressed in whole and fractional days.
• TotalHours: Gets the value of the current TimeSpan structure expressed in whole and fractional hours.
• TotalMinutes: Gets the value of the current TimeSpan structure expressed in whole and fractional minutes.
• TotalSeconds: Gets the value of the current TimeSpan structure expressed in whole and fractional seconds.

In addition to these properties, you can also perform arithmetic operations on instances of the TimeSpan structure, such as adding or subtracting durations, multiplying or dividing by a scalar value, and comparing two durations using comparison operators like less than (<) or greater than (>).

## Example Usage

Let’s say we want to calculate the total duration of a series of events:

``````
TimeSpan event1Duration = new TimeSpan(0, 1, 30); // Duration of event 1: 1 hour and 30 minutes
TimeSpan event2Duration = new TimeSpan(0, 45, 0); // Duration of event 2: 45 minutes
TimeSpan event3Duration = new TimeSpan(0, 2, 15); // Duration of event 3: 2 hours and 15 minutes

TimeSpan totalDuration = event1Duration + event2Duration + event3Duration;

Console.WriteLine("Total duration: " + totalDuration.TotalMinutes + " minutes");
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```

The output will be:

``````
Total duration: 250 minutes
```
```

In this example, we first create three instances of the TimeSpan structure representing the duration of each event. We then add these durations together to obtain the total duration. Finally, we display the total duration in minutes using the TotalMinutes property.

## Conclusion

The TimeSpan data type in C# is a powerful tool for working with durations or elapsed time. It provides a range of methods and properties that allow you to perform calculations and manipulate time intervals effectively.

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