What Is the Pandas Data Structure Called?


Heather Bennett

Welcome to our tutorial on the Pandas data structure! If you are familiar with Python programming and data analysis, you might have come across the term “Pandas” before.

Pandas is a powerful library in Python specifically designed for data manipulation and analysis. It provides easy-to-use data structures and data analysis tools, making it an essential tool for any data scientist or analyst.

What Is the Pandas Data Structure Called?

The primary data structure in Pandas is called a DataFrame. A DataFrame is a two-dimensional tabular data structure with labeled axes (rows and columns).

It resembles a spreadsheet or SQL table, where rows represent observations, and columns represent variables or features. A DataFrame can hold different types of data, such as integers, floats, strings, or even other Python objects.

Let’s take a closer look at some of the key features of a DataFrame:


A DataFrame has named columns that can be accessed individually. Each column can have different types of data. For example, you might have a column for names (strings), ages (integers), and salaries (floats).


A DataFrame also has labeled rows, similar to an index in a database table. Each row represents a single observation or record.


The index provides unique labels for each row in the DataFrame. By default, the index starts from 0 and increments by 1 for each subsequent row. However, you can customize the index to be any unique identifier.


DataFrames are incredibly flexible and allow you to perform various operations like filtering rows based on conditions, selecting specific columns, sorting values, merging multiple DataFrames together, and much more. The versatility of DataFrames makes them a popular choice for data manipulation tasks.

Creating a DataFrame

Now that you understand what a DataFrame is, let’s see how to create one in Pandas. There are multiple ways to create a DataFrame, but one common way is by using a Python dictionary.

Here’s an example:

import pandas as pd

data = {
    'Name': ['Alice', 'Bob', 'Charlie', 'Dave'],
    'Age': [25, 30, 35, 40],
    'Salary': [50000, 60000, 70000, 80000]

df = pd.DataFrame(data)

The code above creates a dictionary with three key-value pairs representing the columns of the DataFrame. We then pass this dictionary to the DataFrame() function from the Pandas library to create the DataFrame. Finally, we print the resulting DataFrame.


In this tutorial, we learned about the primary data structure in Pandas called a DataFrame. We explored its key features such as columns, rows, and index. We also saw how to create a DataFrame using a Python dictionary.

Pandas DataFrames are incredibly powerful and form the backbone of data analysis and manipulation in Python. They provide an intuitive and flexible way to work with structured data efficiently. As you dive deeper into data analysis with Pandas, you’ll discover even more functionalities and techniques to leverage this versatile data structure.

Discord Server - Web Server - Private Server - DNS Server - Object-Oriented Programming - Scripting - Data Types - Data Structures

Privacy Policy