What Is the DNS Server in AWS?


Angela Bailey

A DNS Server, or Domain Name System Server, is a crucial component of networking that translates domain names into IP addresses. In the context of AWS (Amazon Web Services), DNS Servers play a vital role in managing the domain name resolution process for various services and resources hosted on the platform.

What Does a DNS Server Do?

A DNS Server acts as a phonebook for the internet. When you type a domain name (e.g., www.example.com) into your browser’s address bar, your device contacts a DNS Server to resolve the domain name to its corresponding IP address. This process enables your device to establish a connection with the correct web server hosting the website you want to access.

The DNS Server accomplishes this by using a hierarchical system of distributed servers that store and maintain records of domain names and their associated IP addresses. These servers work together to provide fast and efficient domain name resolution.


In AWS, you have access to Amazon Route 53, which is a highly scalable and reliable DNS web service provided by Amazon. It offers various features and capabilities for managing your domains and routing traffic to different AWS services.

Managing Domain Names

With Amazon Route 53, you can register new domain names or transfer existing ones from other registrars. It provides an intuitive interface for managing all aspects of your domains, including configuring DNS settings, creating resource record sets, setting up routing policies, and more.

Routing Traffic

Route 53 allows you to route incoming traffic based on different routing policies. These policies help distribute traffic across multiple resources or direct it to specific endpoints based on various criteria like geographic location, latency, health checks, weighted distribution, etc.

Alias Records

Alias records in Route 53 enable you to map your domain names to specific AWS resources, such as Elastic Load Balancers, CloudFront distributions, or S3 buckets. This eliminates the need for using IP addresses directly and provides flexibility when managing your infrastructure.

Health Checks

Route 53 also offers health checks that monitor the availability and performance of your resources. You can configure health checks for different endpoints and define actions to be taken based on their status. This helps ensure high availability and reliability for your applications.


In summary, a DNS Server in AWS, specifically Amazon Route 53, plays a crucial role in managing domain name resolution and routing traffic for various services and resources hosted on the platform. By leveraging its features like domain management, traffic routing policies, alias records, and health checks, you can effectively manage your domains and ensure optimal performance for your applications.

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