What Is the Data Type for Year in SQL?


Angela Bailey

What Is the Data Type for Year in SQL?

SQL is a powerful programming language used for managing and manipulating relational databases. It provides a wide range of data types to store various kinds of information, including dates and times.

When working with dates, it is essential to choose the appropriate data type to ensure accurate storage and retrieval of data.

Choosing the Right Data Type for Year

In SQL, there are several data types available to represent dates and times. However, when you only need to store the year component of a date, it is recommended to use the YEAR data type.

The YEAR data type is specifically designed to store four-digit years ranging from 1901 to 2155. It occupies only two bytes of storage space, making it an efficient choice for storing year values.

Using the YEAR Data Type in SQL

To define a column with the YEAR data type in SQL, you can use the following syntax:

CREATE TABLE table_name (
    year_column YEAR

This creates a table with a column named year_column, which can store year values using the YEAR data type.

Inserting Values into a YEAR Column

When inserting values into a column defined as YEAR, you need to provide valid four-digit years within the allowed range (1901-2155).

Here’s an example of how you can insert values into a table with a YEAR column:

INSERT INTO table_name (year_column)
VALUES (2022), (1998), (2050);

In the example above, we are inserting three year values into the year_column of the table_name table.

Retrieving Values from a YEAR Column

To retrieve values stored in a YEAR column, you can use standard SQL queries. For example:

SELECT year_column
FROM table_name;

This query will return all the year values stored in the year_column of the table_name table.

In Conclusion

When working with dates and specifically needing to store only the year component, using the YEAR data type in SQL is recommended. It ensures efficient storage and retrieval of year values within a specific range.

By understanding and utilizing the appropriate data types, you can effectively manage date-related information in your SQL databases.

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