What Is SQL Is SQL a Scripting Language?


Scott Campbell

What Is SQL? Is SQL a Scripting Language?

Structured Query Language, commonly known as SQL, is a powerful and widely used language for managing and manipulating relational databases. It provides a standardized way to interact with databases, allowing users to perform various operations such as retrieving data, inserting new records, updating existing records, and deleting data.

SQL is not a scripting language in the traditional sense. Instead, it is a declarative language specifically designed for managing databases. Unlike scripting languages like JavaScript or Python, SQL focuses on defining what results are desired rather than specifying the steps to achieve those results.

The Basic Structure of SQL

In SQL, commands are typically written as statements that consist of keywords and clauses. These statements are executed by the database management system (DBMS) to perform specific operations on the database.

SQL Statements:

  • SELECT: Retrieves data from one or more tables
  • INSERT: Inserts new records into a table
  • UPDATE: Modifies existing records in a table
  • DELETE: Removes records from a table
  • CREATE TABLE: Creates a new table in the database
  • DROP TABLE: Deletes an existing table from the database

The Advantages of Using SQL

Data Integrity:

In relational databases, data integrity refers to maintaining the accuracy, consistency, and reliability of data. SQL provides mechanisms such as constraints (e.g., primary key and foreign key constraints) that ensure data integrity is enforced at the database level.

Efficient Data Retrieval:

SQL’s powerful querying capabilities allow users to retrieve specific data from large databases quickly. By using various clauses like WHERE and JOIN, users can filter and combine data from multiple tables, making complex queries possible.

Data Manipulation:

With SQL, users can easily manipulate data within a database. Whether it’s inserting new records, updating existing ones, or deleting unwanted data, SQL offers straightforward syntax for performing these operations.


In summary, SQL is a specialized language for managing relational databases. While it is not considered a scripting language, SQL provides the necessary tools to interact with databases efficiently. Its declarative nature and powerful querying capabilities make it an essential skill for anyone working with data-driven applications.

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