# What Is Short Data Type?

//

Larry Thompson

In programming, the short data type is used to represent integer values within a limited range. It is a fundamental data type in many programming languages, including Java, C, and C++. The short data type is particularly useful when memory space is a concern, as it requires less memory than other integer data types.

## Declaring and Initializing a Short Variable

To declare a variable of the short data type, you simply need to specify the keyword short followed by the variable name. For example:

```  ```
short myVariable;
```
```

You can also initialize the variable at the time of declaration:

```  ```
short myVariable = 100;
```
```

## Range and Size of Short Data Type

The range of values that can be stored in a short variable depends on the programming language and platform being used. In most cases, a short data type occupies 16 bits or 2 bytes of memory space. This allows it to represent values from -32,768 to 32,767.

The actual size and range may vary on different platforms or compilers, so it’s always important to consult the documentation or specifications for your specific programming environment.

## Using Short Variables in Operations

Short variables can be used in various mathematical and logical operations just like any other numeric data types. They can be added, subtracted, multiplied, and divided. For example:

```  ```
short num1 = 10;
short num2 = 5;

short sum = num1 + num2; // sum will be 15
short difference = num1 - num2; // difference will be 5
short product = num1 * num2; // product will be 50
short quotient = num1 / num2; // quotient will be 2
```
```

## Considerations When Using Short Data Type

While the short data type can save memory space, it is important to keep in mind that it has a limited range. If you need to store larger values or perform calculations that may exceed the range of a short, you should consider using a different data type, such as int or long.

In addition, when performing operations involving short variables and other data types, there may be implicit type conversions. It is important to understand the rules of type conversion in your programming language to avoid unexpected results.

### Summary

• The short data type is used to represent integer values within a limited range.
• It requires less memory than other integer data types.
• The range of values that can be stored in a short variable depends on the programming language and platform being used.
• Short variables can be used in various mathematical and logical operations.
• If you need to store larger values or perform calculations that may exceed the range of a short, consider using a different data type.

Overall, the short data type provides an efficient way to store and manipulate integer values within a limited range. By understanding its limitations and proper usage, you can effectively utilize this data type in your programming projects.