What Is Server Side Scripting in Computer?
Server side scripting is a crucial aspect of web development that enables the processing and generation of dynamic content on the server before it is sent to the client’s web browser. It involves the use of server-side programming languages such as PHP, Python, Ruby, Java, and many more.
Unlike client-side scripting, which runs on the user’s web browser, server side scripting executes on the web server.
How Does Server Side Scripting Work?
When a user requests a webpage that requires server-side scripting, the web server receives this request. The server then processes the script embedded within the HTML document and generates dynamic content based on various factors such as user input, database queries, or other external data sources.
Server side scripting allows developers to create interactive websites with dynamic features like user registration forms, e-commerce functionality, content management systems, and much more. It provides a way to handle complex logic and data manipulation securely on the server side.
Advantages of Server Side Scripting:
- Security: Server side scripting prevents exposing sensitive information or algorithms to users by keeping them securely stored on the server.
- Data Processing: With server side scripting, you can process and manipulate large amounts of data efficiently before sending it to users.
- Database Interaction: Server side scripting allows seamless integration with databases for storing and retrieving information.
- User Authentication: It enables developers to implement secure login systems and protect sensitive user data.
- Customization: Server side scripts provide flexibility in tailoring website behavior based on specific user requirements.
Common Server Side Scripting Languages:
Several programming languages are commonly used for server side scripting. Here are a few popular ones:
PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is one of the most widely used server-side scripting languages. It is known for its simplicity, versatility, and extensive documentation.
PHP is compatible with various databases, making it an excellent choice for web development.
Python is a powerful and user-friendly language that offers numerous frameworks and libraries for server side scripting. It emphasizes readability and productivity, making it popular among developers.
Ruby is another language frequently used for server side scripting. It has an elegant syntax and provides a vast collection of open-source libraries and frameworks, such as Ruby on Rails, which simplifies web application development.
Server side scripting plays a crucial role in web development by enabling the generation of dynamic content on the server before it is sent to the client’s web browser. It offers various advantages such as enhanced security, efficient data processing, database interaction, user authentication, and customization.
PHP, Python, and Ruby are some popular languages utilized for server side scripting. By leveraging these powerful languages, developers can create interactive websites that cater to specific user requirements.