What Is Selenium Scripting?


Heather Bennett

Selenium is a powerful tool for automating web browsers. It provides a way to interact with web applications and perform various tasks programmatically. Selenium scripting refers to the process of writing scripts or programs using Selenium to automate browser actions and test web applications.

Why Use Selenium Scripting?

Selenium scripting is widely used in the software testing industry for various reasons:

  • Automation: Selenium allows you to automate repetitive tasks, such as filling out forms, clicking buttons, navigating through pages, and verifying expected results. This saves time and effort for testers.
  • Cross-Browser Testing: With Selenium, you can write scripts that run on multiple browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Internet Explorer.

    This helps ensure your web application works correctly across different browser environments.

  • Data-Driven Testing: Selenium supports data-driven testing, which means you can feed different sets of input data into your scripts from external sources like Excel files or databases. This enables you to test your application with various scenarios without manually changing the test script.

Getting Started with Selenium Scripting

To start scripting with Selenium, you need to have a few components in place:

  1. Selenium WebDriver: WebDriver is the core component of Selenium that provides a programming interface for controlling web browsers. You need to install the WebDriver specific to the browser you want to automate.
  2. Programming Language: Selenium supports several programming languages like Java, Python, C#, Ruby, etc.

    Choose a language you are comfortable with or based on your project requirements.

  3. IDE/Text Editor: You can write your Selenium scripts in any Integrated Development Environment (IDE) or a simple text editor. Some popular IDEs for Selenium scripting are Eclipse, IntelliJ IDEA, and Visual Studio Code.

Writing Your First Selenium Script

Let’s write a simple Selenium script in Java that opens a browser, navigates to a website, and verifies the page title:

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.chrome.ChromeDriver;

public class MyFirstSeleniumScript {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Set the path to the chromedriver executable
        System.setProperty("webdriver.driver", "path/to/chromedriver");

        // Create an instance of ChromeDriver
        WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();

        // Open the website

        // Verify the page title
        String pageTitle = driver.getTitle();
        if (pageTitle.equals("Example Domain")) {
            System.out.println("Page title is correct!");
        } else {
            System.println("Page title is incorrect!");

      // Close the browser

This script uses the Java programming language and ChromeDriver to automate Google Chrome browser. It opens ‘https://www.com’, retrieves the page title, and performs a basic verification.


Selenium scripting is an essential skill for software testers and developers who want to automate web testing. It provides a way to interact with web applications programmatically and perform various tasks automatically. With its cross-browser capabilities and support for data-driven testing, Selenium scripting enables efficient and effective testing of web applications.

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