What Is Scripting FileSystemObject?


Larry Thompson

The Scripting.FileSystemObject is a powerful component in VBScript that allows you to interact with the file system on your computer. It provides a set of methods and properties that enable you to create, read, write, and manipulate files and folders. In this tutorial, we will explore the various capabilities of the Scripting.FileSystemObject and learn how to use it effectively.

Creating an instance of the FileSystemObject

To begin working with the Scripting.FileSystemObject, you first need to create an instance of it. You can do this by using the CreateObject function:

Dim fso
Set fso = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")

Working with Files

Once you have an instance of the FileSystemObject, you can start working with files. Let’s take a look at some common operations:

Creating a File

To create a new file, you can use the CreateTextFile method:

Dim file
Set file = fso.CreateTextFile("C:\path\to\file.txt", True)
file.WriteLine "This is a new file created using FileSystemObject."

Reading from a File

You can read the contents of a file using the OpenTextFile method. Here’s an example:

Dim readFile
Set readFile = fso.OpenTextFile("C:\path\to\file.txt", 1)
MsgBox readFile.ReadAll

Writing to a File

To write data to an existing file or append data to it, you can use the OpenTextFile method with the appropriate parameters:

Dim writeFile
Set writeFile = fso.txt", 8)
writeFile.WriteLine "This is a new line appended to the file."

Deleting a File

To delete a file, you can use the DeleteFile method:


Working with Folders

The FileSystemObject also allows you to work with folders. Here are some common operations:

Creating a Folder

You can create a new folder using the CreateFolder method:


Deleting a Folder

To delete an empty folder, you can use the DeleteFolder method:


Checking if a Folder Exists

You can check if a folder exists using the FolderExists method:

If fso.FolderExists("C:\path\to\folder") Then
    MsgBox "The folder exists."
    MsgBox "The folder does not exist."
End If


The Scripting.FileSystemObject is an essential component in VBScript for interacting with the file system. It provides a wide range of methods and properties that enable you to create, read, write, and manipulate files and folders. By mastering the usage of the FileSystemObject, you can automate various file-related tasks and enhance your VBScript applications.

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