What Is Redis Data Structure?


Larry Thompson

Redis is an open-source, in-memory data structure store that is commonly used as a database, cache, and message broker. It is known for its exceptional performance and versatility, making it a popular choice for developers looking to optimize their applications.

Redis Data Structure

In Redis, data is stored as various data structures that are optimized for specific use cases. These data structures provide efficient and convenient ways to store and manipulate different types of data. Let’s explore some of the key Redis data structures:


Strings are the simplest and most basic type of Redis data structure. They can hold any binary data, such as text or serialized objects. Strings in Redis can be manipulated using various operations such as concatenation, substring extraction, and increment/decrement.


Lists, also known as linked lists, allow you to store multiple strings in a specific order. They support operations like push/pop from both ends, which makes them suitable for building queues or stacks. Lists can also be used to implement chat history or activity feeds.

To create a list in Redis, you can use the LPUSH or RPUSH commands to add elements at the head or tail of the list respectively.


Sets are an unordered collection of unique strings. They provide efficient operations like adding elements, removing elements, checking membership, and performing set operations like union, intersection, and difference between sets.

To add elements to a set in Redis, you can use the SADD command. Similarly, the SREM command removes elements from a set.


Hashes provide a way to store and retrieve key-value pairs within a single Redis key. They are particularly useful when you need to represent objects or records with multiple fields.

You can use commands like HSET, HGET, and HDEL to set, retrieve, and delete individual fields within a hash.

Sorted Sets

Sorted Sets combine the features of sets and hashes. Each element in a sorted set is associated with a score, which is used to order the elements. Sorted sets are commonly used for leaderboards, ranking systems, and range-based queries.

The Redis commands ZADD, ZRANK, and ZRANGE are used to add elements with scores, retrieve the rank of an element, and fetch elements within a specific range from a sorted set respectively.


In summary, Redis offers a variety of data structures that cater to different use cases in an efficient manner. Whether you need simple strings, ordered lists, unique sets, key-value pairs with hashes, or ordered rankings with sorted sets – Redis has got you covered.

To summarize:

  • Strings: Basic data structure for storing binary data.
  • Lists: Linked lists for ordered collection of strings.
  • Sets: Unordered collection of unique strings.
  • Hashes: Key-value pairs within a single Redis key.
  • Sorted Sets: Ordered set of elements with associated scores.

By leveraging these data structures, you can build performant and scalable applications with Redis.

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