What Is or What Are the Types of Authoritative DNS Server?


Larry Thompson

When it comes to managing DNS (Domain Name System) records, having a reliable and authoritative DNS server is crucial. An authoritative DNS server is responsible for providing the correct and up-to-date information about a domain’s DNS records. In this article, we will explore the different types of authoritative DNS servers and their specific functionalities.

Primary Authoritative DNS Server

A primary authoritative DNS server, also known as a master server, is the primary source of a domain’s DNS records. It stores the original and definitive versions of the zone files for a domain. This server is responsible for answering queries about the domain and maintaining its DNS records.

Secondary Authoritative DNS Server

A secondary authoritative DNS server, also known as a slave server, acts as a backup to the primary authoritative server. It gets its zone file from the primary server through zone transfers.

The secondary server can answer queries about the domain when the primary server is unavailable or experiencing issues. It also helps distribute the workload by handling some of the incoming requests.

Caching-only Authoritative DNS Server

A caching-only authoritative DNS server does not store any zone files but focuses on caching frequently requested information. When it receives a query for a particular domain, it first checks its cache for the corresponding record before forwarding the request to other servers if necessary. This type of server helps improve performance by reducing response times for frequently accessed domains.

Forwarding Authoritative DNS Server

A forwarding authoritative DNS server does not store any zone files either but works by forwarding all queries it receives to another designated DNS resolver. It acts as an intermediary between clients and other servers that can provide answers to their queries. This type of server is often used in environments where external resolvers are trusted more than internal ones or when specific filtering or security measures need to be applied to DNS queries.

Stealth Authoritative DNS Server

A stealth authoritative DNS server is a specialized type of server that is not visible to the public. It does not respond to queries directly but instead forwards them to other authoritative servers. This type of server helps enhance security by hiding the actual authoritative servers and providing an additional layer of protection against potential attacks.


In conclusion, there are various types of authoritative DNS servers, each serving a specific purpose in managing DNS records. The primary and secondary servers ensure the availability and redundancy of the domain’s records, while caching-only and forwarding servers focus on improving performance and providing intermediary services.

Stealth servers offer an additional layer of security by hiding the actual authoritative servers from potential attackers. Understanding these types can help you choose the appropriate setup for your domain’s DNS infrastructure.

Discord Server - Web Server - Private Server - DNS Server - Object-Oriented Programming - Scripting - Data Types - Data Structures

Privacy Policy