What Is Object-Oriented Programming in C++ With Example?


Larry Thompson

Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm that uses objects to represent and manipulate data. It is a popular approach in many programming languages, including C++. In this article, we will explore the concept of object-oriented programming in C++ and provide examples to help you understand its implementation.

What is Object-Oriented Programming?

Object-oriented programming is based on the idea of objects. An object can be thought of as a real-world entity that has its own characteristics (attributes) and behaviors (methods). It allows us to create reusable code by organizing data and related functions into objects.

In C++, objects are created using classes. A class can be defined as a blueprint or template for creating objects. It defines the attributes and behaviors that an object of that class will have.

Example: Creating a Class in C++

To demonstrate object-oriented programming in C++, let’s create a class called “Car” that represents a car object.

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

class Car {
        string brand;
        string model;
        int year;

int main() {
    Car myCar; // Create an object of the Car class
    // Assign values to the attributes
    myCar.brand = "Ford";
    myCar.model = "Mustang";
    myCar.year = 2021;
    // Output the attribute values
    cout << "Brand: " << myCar.brand << endl;
    cout << "Model: " << myCar.model << endl;
    cout << "Year: " << myCar.year << endl;
    return 0;

In this example, we define the class Car with three attributes: brand, model, and year. We then create an object of the Car class called myCar. We assign values to its attributes and output the attribute values using the cout statement.


  • Brand: Ford
  • Model: Mustang
  • Year: 2021

The output displays the attribute values of the car object we created. This is a basic example, but it demonstrates how objects can be used to represent real-world entities.

The Four Pillars of Object-Oriented Programming in C++

C++ supports four main principles, often referred to as the "four pillars" of object-oriented programming:

  1. Inheritance: It allows classes to inherit properties and behaviors from other classes, creating a hierarchy of classes.
  2. Encapsulation: It is the process of wrapping data (attributes) and functions (methods) together into a single unit (class) and controlling access to them.
  3. Polymorphism: It refers to the ability of an object to take on many forms. It allows objects of different classes to be treated as objects of a common base class.
  4. Abstraction: It involves representing essential features without including the background details. It focuses on what an object does rather than how it does it.

This article provides you with a brief introduction to object-oriented programming in C++. By understanding these concepts and principles, you can create more efficient and organized code. Object-oriented programming is widely used in software development due to its ability to improve code reusability, maintainability, and modularity.

Start exploring the world of object-oriented programming in C++ and unlock endless possibilities!

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