The number data type in Python is used to represent numerical values. Python supports different types of numbers, including integers, floating-point numbers, and complex numbers. In this tutorial, we will explore each of these types and learn how to work with number data in Python.

## Integers

An integer is a whole number without any decimal point. It can be either positive or negative. In Python, we can define an integer by assigning a value to a variable.

```
number = 10
print(number) # Output: 10
```

We can perform various operations on integers, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

```
x = 5
y = 3
# Addition
result = x + y
print(result) # Output: 8
# Subtraction
result = x - y
print(result) # Output: 2
# Multiplication
result = x * y
print(result) # Output: 15
# Division (returns float)
result = x / y
print(result) # Output: 1.6666666666666667
# Floor Division (returns integer)
result = x // y
print(result) # Output: 1
# Modulus (remainder of division)
result = x % y
print(result) # Output: 2
# Exponentiation
result = x ** y
print(result) # Output: 125
```

## Floating-Point Numbers

A floating-point number is a number that contains a decimal point or an exponent representation using the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’. In Python, we can assign a floating-point value to a variable.

```
number = 3.14
print(number) # Output: 3.14
```

Similar to integers, we can perform arithmetic operations on floating-point numbers.

## Complex Numbers

A complex number is a number that consists of a real part and an imaginary part. In Python, we can define a complex number using the syntax `a + bj`

, where `a`

is the real part and `b`

is the imaginary part.

```
number = 2 + 3j
print(number) # Output: (2+3j)
```

We can perform various operations on complex numbers, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

```
x = 2 + 3j
y = 1 - 2j
# Addition
result = x + y
print(result) # Output: (3+1j)
# Subtraction
result = x - y
print(result) # Output: (1+5j)
# Multiplication
result = x * y
print(result) # Output: (8-1j)
# Division
result = x / y
print(result) # Output: (-0.4+1.8j)
```

## Conclusion

In this tutorial, we have learned about the number data type in Python. We explored integers, floating-point numbers, and complex numbers.

We also learned how to perform arithmetic operations on these types of numbers. Having a good understanding of number data types is essential for working with mathematical operations and calculations in Python.

### 10 Related Question Answers Found

In Python, the number data type is widely used for performing mathematical operations and storing numeric values. Python supports various types of numbers, including integers, floating-point numbers, and complex numbers. Let’s explore each of these number types in detail.

In Python, there are different data types that can be used to represent numbers. When it comes to whole numbers, also known as integers, Python provides a built-in data type called int. The int data type is used to store and manipulate positive and negative whole numbers without any decimal points.

What Is Complex Number Data Type in Python? Python is a versatile programming language that supports various data types to handle different kinds of information. One such data type is the complex number data type.

The Number data type in JavaScript is used to represent numeric values. It allows you to perform mathematical operations and store numerical data. In this tutorial, we will discuss the features and usage of the Number data type in JavaScript.

The NUMBER data type in Oracle SQL is used to store numeric data with high precision and scale. It is a versatile data type that can handle both positive and negative values, as well as integers and decimal numbers. Defining a NUMBER Data Type:
To define a column with the NUMBER data type in Oracle SQL, you can use the following syntax:
CREATE TABLE table_name (
column_name NUMBER(precision, scale)
);
The precision parameter specifies the total number of digits that can be stored in the column, while the scale parameter determines the number of digits to the right of the decimal point.

What Is Number in Data Type? Numbers are an essential part of programming and data analysis. In the world of HTML, numbers are considered a data type.

The character data type in Python is used to store a single character. In Python, characters are represented using the ‘str’ data type. What is a character?

Python is a versatile programming language that offers a wide range of data types to store and manipulate different kinds of information. One such data type is the set. In this tutorial, we will explore the set data type in Python and understand its characteristics and uses.

A data type is a classification of the type of data that a variable or object can hold in a programming language. In Python, data types are used to define the kind of value that a variable can store. It helps Python to understand what type of operations can be performed on a given set of values.

The number data type in SQL Server is used to store numeric values. It allows for the storage of both whole numbers and decimal numbers. In SQL Server, there are several numeric data types available, each with its own range and precision.