What Is Mv in Shell Scripting?
Shell scripting is a powerful tool that allows users to automate tasks and perform various operations on the command line. One of the most commonly used commands in shell scripting is mv, which stands for “move.”
The mv command is used to move or rename files and directories.
The basic syntax of the mv command is as follows:
$ mv [options] source destination
- [options]: Optional parameters that can modify the behavior of the mv command.
- source: The file or directory that you want to move or rename.
- destination: The new location or name of the file or directory.
To move a file from one location to another, use the following command:
$ mv /path/to/source/file /path/to/destination/
This will move the file from its current location to the specified destination. If a file with the same name already exists in the destination, it will be overwritten.
To rename a file, use the -v (verbose) option followed by the current filename and desired new filename:
$ mv -v old_filename new_filename
Moving and Renaming Directories:
The mv command can also be used to move and rename directories. To move a directory, use the same syntax as moving a file:
$ mv /path/to/source/directory /path/to/destination/
To rename a directory, use the same syntax as renaming a file:
$ mv -v old_directoryname new_directoryname
In shell scripting, the mv command is a versatile tool for moving and renaming files and directories. By understanding its basic syntax and various options, you can efficiently organize your files and automate tasks on the command line.