What Is Mean by Data Structure in Python?


Scott Campbell

A data structure is a way of organizing and storing data in a computer so that it can be accessed and manipulated efficiently. In Python, there are several built-in data structures that help in managing and organizing data effectively.


One of the most commonly used data structures in Python is the list. A list is an ordered collection of items, where each item can be of any type. Lists are mutable, meaning that you can change their elements after they have been created.

To create a list in Python, you can use square brackets [] and separate the elements with commas. For example:

my_list = [1, 2, 3, 'a', 'b', 'c']

You can access individual elements of a list using their index. The index starts from 0 for the first element. For example:

print(my_list[0])  # Output: 1


Similar to lists, tuples are another type of ordered collection in Python. However, unlike lists, tuples are immutable, meaning that you cannot change their elements once they are created.

To create a tuple in Python, you can use parentheses (). For example:

my_tuple = (1, 2, 3)

You can access individual elements of a tuple using their index just like lists:

print(my_tuple[0])  # Output: 1


A dictionary is an unordered collection of key-value pairs. Each key in a dictionary must be unique and immutable (such as strings or numbers), while values can be of any type.

To create a dictionary in Python, you can use curly braces {} and separate the key-value pairs with colons (:). For example:

my_dict = {'name': 'John', 'age': 25, 'city': 'New York'}

You can access the value associated with a specific key in a dictionary by using the key itself. For example:

print(my_dict['name'])  # Output: John


A set is an unordered collection of unique elements. Sets are useful when you want to store a collection of items without any duplicates.

To create a set in Python, you can use curly braces {} or the built-in set() function. For example:

my_set = {1, 2, 3}

You can perform various operations on sets, such as adding elements, removing elements, and performing set operations like union, intersection, and difference.


Data structures play a crucial role in programming as they allow us to efficiently store and manage data. In Python, we have several built-in data structures like lists, tuples, dictionaries, and sets that help us organize and manipulate data effectively. Understanding how these data structures work is essential for writing efficient code in Python.

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