# What Is Maximum Value of Short Data Type?

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Angela Bailey

What Is Maximum Value of Short Data Type?

The short data type is a commonly used data type in programming languages like Java and C++. It is used to store integer values within a limited range. In this article, we will explore the maximum value that can be stored in a short variable.

## Understanding the Short Data Type

In Java and C++, the short data type is a 16-bit signed integer. This means that it can store both positive and negative whole numbers within a range of -32,768 to 32,767.

Example:

```short myVariable = 32767;
```

In the example above, we have assigned the maximum value that can be stored in a short variable, which is 32,767. If we try to assign a value greater than this maximum limit, we will encounter an overflow error.

## Detecting Overflow

In some cases, it’s important to detect if an overflow has occurred when working with short variables. An overflow happens when you assign a value outside the valid range of the short data type.

To detect an overflow, you can use conditional statements or comparison operators. For example:

```short myVariable = 32767;
if (myVariable + 1 > 32767) {
System.out.println("Overflow occurred!");
}
```

The code snippet above checks if adding one to the current value of `myVariable` will exceed the maximum limit for shorts. If it does, an overflow has occurred and a message will be printed.

## Using Constants for Maximum Value

To make your code more readable and avoid hardcoding values, you can use constants provided by the programming language for the maximum value of the short data type.

In Java, you can use the constant `Short.MAX_VALUE` to represent the maximum value that can be stored in a short variable.

Example:

```short myVariable = Short.MAX_VALUE;
```

The above code assigns the maximum value to `myVariable` using the `Short.MAX_VALUE` constant. This makes it clear to other developers what value is being used and avoids potential errors.

## Conclusion

The maximum value of a short data type is 32,767. Understanding this limit is important for correctly working with short variables and avoiding overflow errors.

Remember to use conditional statements or comparison operators to detect and handle overflows when necessary. Additionally, using constants provided by the programming language can make your code more readable and maintainable.