What Is Long Data Type in PostgreSQL?


Heather Bennett

In PostgreSQL, the long data type is used to store variable-length character strings. It allows you to store a large amount of textual data, up to 1 GB in size. This data type is particularly useful when dealing with text-based information such as articles, blog posts, or user comments.

Creating a Long Data Type Column

To create a column with the long data type in PostgreSQL, you can use the VARCHAR or TEXT data types. Both of these types can store long strings of text.

For example, let’s say we have a table called “articles” and we want to create a column called “content” to store the article content.

CREATE TABLE articles (
    title VARCHAR(255),
    content TEXT

In this example, the “content” column has been defined as the TEXT data type, which allows for long strings of text.

Inserting Data into a Long Data Type Column

To insert data into a column with the long data type, you can simply use an INSERT statement and provide the desired text value.

INSERT INTO articles (title, content)
VALUES ('Introduction to PostgreSQL', 'PostgreSQL is an open-source relational database management system..');

In this example, we are inserting an article titled “Introduction to PostgreSQL” along with its content into the “articles” table.

Retrieving Data from a Long Data Type Column

To retrieve data from a column with the long data type, you can use a SELECT statement and specify which columns you want to retrieve.

SELECT title, content
FROM articles;

This query will return the title and content of all articles in the “articles” table.

Benefits of Using the Long Data Type

The long data type provides several benefits:

  • Flexibility: The long data type allows you to store large amounts of text, providing flexibility for storing a wide range of textual information.
  • Efficiency: PostgreSQL is optimized for handling large text values efficiently, so you don’t have to worry about performance issues when working with long data type columns.
  • Easy to work with: The long data type supports various string manipulation functions, making it easy to perform operations such as searching, substring extraction, and concatenation on long text values.


The long data type in PostgreSQL is a powerful tool for storing and working with large amounts of textual information. By using the VARCHAR or TEXT data types, you can create columns that can accommodate lengthy text values. This allows you to store articles, blog posts, or any other kind of textual content efficiently and effectively.

In summary, the long data type provides flexibility, efficiency, and ease of use when dealing with large text values in PostgreSQL. It’s an essential feature for applications that require storing and manipulating extensive textual information.

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