What Is List Data Type?


Heather Bennett

The List data type is one of the most commonly used data types in programming. It is a collection of elements that are ordered and changeable. Lists allow you to store multiple items in a single variable, making it easier to manage and manipulate data.

Creating a List

In HTML, you can create lists using the <ul> (unordered list) and <ol> (ordered list) tags. An unordered list is a bulleted list, while an ordered list is a numbered list.

To create an unordered list, use the <ul> tag. Each item within the list should be wrapped in an <li> (list item) tag.

    <li>Item 1</li>
    <li>Item 2</li>
    <li>Item 3</li>

This will produce the following output:

  • Item 1
  • Item 2
  • Item 3

If you want to create an ordered list instead, replace the <ul> tag with the <ol> tag:

    <li>First item</li>
    <li>Second item</li>
    <li>Third item</li>
  1. First item
  2. Second item
  3. Third item

Modifying Lists

You can modify lists by adding or removing elements. To add an element to the end of a list, you can use the .append() method. Let’s say we have the following list:

<ul id="myList">

To add a new fruit, such as “Grapes”, to the end of the list, you can use JavaScript:

var myList = document.getElementById("myList");
var newFruit = document.createElement("li");

This will result in:

  • Apple
  • Banana
  • Orange
  • Grapes

To remove an element from a list, you can use the .removeChild() method. Let’s say we want to remove “Banana” from our list:

var myList = document.getElementById("myList");
var banana = myList.getElementsByTagName("li")[1];

This will update our list to:

  • Apple
  • Orange
  • Grapes


The list data type is a powerful tool for managing and organizing data in programming. Whether you need to store a collection of items or dynamically modify the contents, lists provide a flexible and efficient solution.

By using the <ul>, <ol>, and <li> tags in HTML, along with JavaScript methods like .append() and .removeChild(), you can easily create and manipulate lists to suit your needs.

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