What Is Java Primitive Data Type?


Angela Bailey

What Is Java Primitive Data Type?

When programming in Java, you will often encounter data of different types, such as numbers, characters, and boolean values. These data types are classified into two categories: primitive data types and reference data types. In this article, we will focus on understanding primitive data types in Java.

Java Primitive Data Types

In Java, there are eight primitive data types:

  • byte: This data type is used to store whole numbers from -128 to 127.
  • short: The short data type can hold whole numbers from -32,768 to 32,767.
  • int: The int data type is used to store integers in the range of -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647.
  • long: For larger whole numbers that do not fit within the int range, the long data type is used. It can hold values from -9,223,372,036,854,775,808 to 9,223,

  • float: Floating-point numbers with decimal places can be stored using the float data type. It has a precision of six or seven decimal digits.
  • double:This double-precision floating-point number type is capable of storing larger and more precise decimal values compared to float.
  • boolean:The boolean data type represents a binary value that can be either true or false.
  • char: The char data type is used to store a single character. It can hold any Unicode character.

Declaring and Using Primitive Data Types

To declare a variable with a primitive data type in Java, you need to specify the type followed by the variable name. For example:

int age;

You can also assign an initial value to the variable during declaration:

int height = 180;

To use a declared variable, you can assign it a value or access its current value using the assignment operator (=) or by referencing it in your code. Here’s an example:

// Assigning a value
age = 25;

// Accessing the current value
System.out.println("Current age: " + age);


In this tutorial, we explored the concept of primitive data types in Java. We learned about the different types available and how to declare and use variables of these types. Understanding these fundamental data types is crucial for writing effective and efficient Java programs.

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