What Is Express Web Server?


Larry Thompson

In this tutorial, we will explore the Express web server and understand its significance in web development. Express is a minimal and flexible Node.js web application framework that provides a robust set of features for building single-page, multi-page, and hybrid web applications. It is widely used in the industry due to its simplicity and ease of use.

Why Use Express?

Express provides a range of features that make it an excellent choice for web development:

  • Simplicity: Express has a minimalist approach, allowing developers to focus on building their applications without unnecessary complexity.
  • Routing: The built-in routing system in Express makes it easy to handle various HTTP requests and define routes for different URLs.
  • Middleware: Express middleware allows you to extend the functionality of your application by adding additional layers of processing before handling requests or responses.
  • Template Engines: Express supports various template engines like EJS and Pug, making it simple to generate dynamic HTML pages with reusable components.

Getting Started with Express

To start using Express, you need to have Node.js installed on your machine. Once you have Node.js installed, follow these steps:

  1. Create a New Project Directory: Open your terminal and create a new directory for your project by running the command: mkdir my-express-app.
  2. Navigate into the Project Directory: Use the command cd my-express-app.
  3. Initialize Node.js Package Manager (npm): Run the command npm init -y to initialize a new npm package in your project directory.
  4. Install Express: Run the command npm install express to install the Express framework in your project.
  5. Create an Entry Point File: Create a new file named app.js in your project directory. This will be the entry point for your Express application.
  6. Add Basic Code: Open app.js in a text editor and add the following code to create a basic Express server:
    // Importing Express module
        const express = require('express');
        // Creating an instance of Express
        const app = express();
        // Define routes and middleware here
        // Start the server
        const port = 3000;
        app.listen(port, () => {
          console.log(`Server running on port ${port}`);
  7. Start the Server: Run the command node app.js. You should see a message indicating that the server is running on port 3000.


In summary, Express is a powerful web server framework for Node.js that offers simplicity, flexibility, and a range of features for building web applications. With its intuitive routing system, middleware support, and compatibility with different template engines, Express provides an excellent foundation for creating robust and scalable web applications. So go ahead and explore the world of Express to unleash your web development potential!

I hope you found this tutorial helpful! Happy coding!

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