# What Is Dynamic List Data Structure?

//

Angela Bailey

What Is Dynamic List Data Structure?

A dynamic list data structure, also known as a linked list, is a fundamental concept in computer science and programming. It provides an efficient way to store and manage collections of data elements. Unlike arrays, which have a fixed size, dynamic lists can grow or shrink in size during program execution.

## Why Use Dynamic Lists?

Dynamic lists offer several advantages over other data structures:

• Flexibility: Dynamic lists can easily expand or contract to accommodate changing data requirements. This flexibility makes them suitable for situations where the number of elements is unknown or may vary.
• Efficient Insertion and Deletion: Unlike arrays, dynamic lists do not require shifting elements when inserting or deleting items from the list.

This results in faster operation times for these operations.

• No Wasted Memory: Since dynamic lists only allocate memory for the elements they contain, there is no wasted memory space. This makes them more memory-efficient than fixed-size arrays.

## Anatomy of a Dynamic List

A dynamic list consists of nodes that are linked together in a specific order. Each node contains two components: the data it stores and a reference to the next node in the list.

The first node in the list is called the head, and it serves as the starting point for traversing through the entire list. The last node points to null, indicating the end of the list.

### The Node Structure:

``````<pre>
<code>
<b>struct Node</b> {
// Data stored in the node
<b>data</b>;

// Reference to the next node
<b>next</b>;
};
</code>
</pre>```
```

### Example of a Dynamic List:

``````<pre>
<code>
<b>// Creating a dynamic list (linked list)</b>

<b>// Node 1</b>
Node* node1 = new Node();
node1->data = 10;

<b>// Node 2</b>
Node* node2 = new Node();
node2->data = 20;

<b>// Node 3</b>
Node* node3 = new Node();
node3->data = 30;

node1->next = node2;
node2->next = node3;
node3->next = nullptr;

// Traversing the list
while (current != nullptr) {
cout << current->data << " ";
current = current->next;
}

// Output: 10 20 30
```
```

## Conclusion

Dynamic lists, or linked lists, provide a flexible and efficient way to store and manage collections of data elements. They offer benefits such as flexibility, efficient insertion and deletion, and no wasted memory. Understanding the structure and implementation of dynamic lists is essential for any programmer or computer science student.

By incorporating dynamic lists into your programming repertoire, you can effectively handle situations where the number of elements is uncertain or varying.