What Is DNS Server Example?


Scott Campbell

A DNS Server, or Domain Name System Server, plays a critical role in the functioning of the internet. It is responsible for translating human-friendly domain names into machine-readable IP addresses. In simpler terms, it helps your computer find and connect to websites by translating the website’s domain name into its corresponding IP address.

How Does a DNS Server Work?

When you type a domain name into your web browser’s address bar, your computer sends a request to the DNS server to resolve the domain name into an IP address. The DNS server checks its database, known as the DNS cache, for any previously resolved IP address for that particular domain name. If it finds a match, it returns the IP address to your computer, and your browser can connect to the website.

Types of DNS Servers:

There are several types of DNS servers, each serving a specific purpose:

1. Recursive Resolver: This type of server is responsible for finding the IP address recursively by querying other DNS servers if it doesn’t have the information in its cache.

2. Root Nameserver: These servers are at the top of the DNS hierarchy and provide referrals to other authoritative nameservers.

3. Authoritative Nameserver: These servers hold specific information about a domain and provide answers to queries about that domain.

4. TLD Nameserver: TLD stands for Top-Level Domain (e.g., .com, .org). TLD nameservers store information about domains within their respective TLD.

5. Caching Nameserver: These servers store recently accessed queries in their cache memory to provide faster responses for future requests.

DNS Server Example:

Let’s take an example to understand how a DNS server works in practice:

Suppose you want to visit “www.example.com”. When you enter this domain name in your browser, your computer sends a DNS query to your configured DNS server.

The DNS server checks its cache for any previously resolved IP address for “www. If it doesn’t find a match, it starts the resolution process.

1. The recursive resolver queries the root nameserver to find the authoritative nameserver for the “.com” TLD. The root nameserver responds with the IP address of the TLD nameserver responsible for “. The recursive resolver then queries the TLD nameserver for the authoritative nameserver of “example. The TLD nameserver responds with the IP address of the authoritative nameserver for “example. Finally, the recursive resolver queries the authoritative nameserver of “example.com” and receives the IP address associated with “www.

The DNS server caches this information so that subsequent requests for “www.com” can be resolved faster.

  • In conclusion, a DNS server is a crucial component of the internet infrastructure.
  • It translates domain names into IP addresses, allowing users to access websites easily.
  • There are different types of DNS servers serving specific roles in resolving domain names.
  • The example outlined above demonstrates how a DNS server resolves a domain name into an IP address.


Next time you enter a website’s domain name, remember that behind the scenes, a DNS server is working tirelessly to resolve that name into an IP address. Understanding how DNS servers work can help you troubleshoot connectivity issues and appreciate their vital role in our internet-dependent world.

So now that you have gained some insight into what a DNS server is and how it functions, you can appreciate its importance in ensuring smooth browsing experiences!

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