A directed graph is a data structure that consists of a set of vertices (or nodes) connected by edges, where the edges have a specific direction. Unlike an undirected graph, where edges are bidirectional, in a directed graph, the edges have a specific origin and destination. This data structure is also known as a digraph.

## Basic Definitions

Before diving deeper into directed graphs, it’s important to understand some basic definitions:

**Vertex:** Also referred to as a node, it represents an entity or object in the graph. Each vertex can have zero or more outgoing and incoming edges.
**Edge:** An edge represents a connection or relationship between two vertices. It has a direction from the source vertex (tail) to the destination vertex (head).
**Outdegree:** The outdegree of a vertex refers to the number of outgoing edges from that vertex.
**Indegree:** The indegree of a vertex refers to the number of incoming edges to that vertex.

## Representation

A directed graph can be represented in various ways. Two commonly used representations are:

### Adjacency List

In this representation, each vertex maintains a list of its neighboring vertices. It can be implemented using an array of linked lists or using associative arrays (hash maps).

```
<ul>
<li>Vertex A: [B, C]</li>
<li>Vertex B: [C]</li>
<li>Vertex C: []</li>
</ul>
```

### Adjacency Matrix

In this representation, a matrix of size VxV is used, where V is the number of vertices in the graph. Each cell (i, j) in the matrix represents an edge from vertex i to vertex j.

`<table>`

<tr>

<th> A</td>

<td align="center">**0**</td>

<td align="center">**1**</td>

<td align="center">**1**</td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>__B__</td>

<td align="center">**0**</td>

<td align="center">**0**</td>

<td align="center">**1**</td>

</tr>

<tr<;

>&l..

### 6 Related Question Answers Found

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