What Is Data Type TEXT in MySQL?


Heather Bennett

What Is Data Type TEXT in MySQL?

In MySQL, the TEXT data type is used to store large amounts of text data. It can hold up to 65,535 characters and is commonly used for storing articles, blog posts, comments, or any other type of textual content.

Advantages of Using TEXT Data Type

The TEXT data type offers several advantages:

  • Large Storage Capacity: Unlike other string data types in MySQL, such as VARCHAR, the TEXT data type can store a significant amount of text.
  • Ease of Use: Storing and retrieving large amounts of text is straightforward with the TEXT data type.
  • No Character Limit: Unlike VARCHAR, which has a limit on the number of characters it can store, the TEXT data type allows for unlimited text storage.

Different Variations of TEXT Data Type in MySQL

In addition to the general TEXT data type, MySQL provides several variations that offer different storage capacities and performance characteristics. These variations include:


The TINYTEXT data type can hold up to 255 characters. It is ideal for storing small pieces of text like short descriptions or tags.


The MEDIUMTEXT data type allows for storing larger amounts of text compared to TINYTEXT. It can hold up to 16,777,215 characters.


The LONGTEXT data type provides the largest storage capacity among the TEXT variations. It can hold up to 4,294,967,295 characters, making it suitable for storing extensive textual content.


Let’s see some examples of creating a table with a column of the TEXT data type:

CREATE TABLE articles (
    title VARCHAR(100),
    content TEXT

In this example, we have created a table named “articles” with three columns: “id”, “title”, and “content”. The “content” column is of the TEXT data type, allowing us to store large amounts of text.


The TEXT data type in MySQL is a versatile option for storing large amounts of text. Its various variations provide different storage capacities to suit different needs. Understanding how to use the TEXT data type effectively can help you organize and store textual content efficiently in your MySQL database.

If you want to learn more about MySQL data types, be sure to check out our other tutorials!

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