What Is Data Type on Access?


Scott Campbell

What Is Data Type on Access?

Access is a powerful database management system that allows you to store, manage, and manipulate large amounts of data. When creating a table in Access, one of the most important aspects to consider is the data type of each field.

The data type determines the kind of data that can be stored in a field, as well as the operations that can be performed on that data. It is crucial to choose the appropriate data type for each field to ensure data integrity and optimize performance.

Common Data Types in Access

Access offers a wide range of data types to choose from, depending on the nature of the data you need to store. Let’s explore some of the most commonly used data types:

  • Text: The text data type is used for storing alphanumeric characters and can hold up to 255 characters.
  • Number: The number data type is used for storing numeric values such as integers or decimal numbers.
  • Date/Time: This data type is used for storing dates and times. It allows you to perform various calculations and manipulations with dates.
  • Yes/No: The yes/no data type is used for fields that only have two possible values: Yes or No, True or False.
  • Memo: The memo data type is similar to the text data type but can hold much larger amounts of text, up to 65,536 characters.

Data Type Considerations

When choosing a data type for a field in Access, it’s important to consider several factors:

Data Size:

The size of your data plays a significant role in selecting the appropriate data type. If you know that a field will only contain a small amount of text or numbers, you can choose a smaller data type to save disk space and improve performance.

Data Integrity:

Choosing the correct data type helps maintain data integrity. For example, using the number data type for numeric fields ensures that only valid numbers can be entered, avoiding errors due to incompatible data.


Data types can also affect indexing and searching within your database. Certain data types, such as text or number, can be indexed for faster searching and sorting operations.

Changing Data Types

In some cases, you may need to change the data type of an existing field. Access provides tools to help you convert data from one type to another without losing any information.

To change a field’s data type in Access:

  1. Select the table containing the field you want to modify.
  2. Click on the “Design View” button in the “Table Tools” tab.
  3. Locate the field you want to change and select it.
  4. In the “Field Properties” section, choose the new desired data type from the drop-down list.
  5. Save your changes and switch back to “Datasheet View.”

Remember that changing a field’s data type may have implications on existing records and queries that depend on that field. It’s essential to review and update all related objects accordingly.


Understanding data types is crucial for designing efficient and reliable databases in Access. By selecting appropriate data types based on your requirements, you can ensure accurate storage, manipulation, and retrieval of your valuable information. So next time you create a table in Access, pay close attention to choosing the right data types for your fields.

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