What Is Data Type of Arduino?
When working with Arduino, it is important to understand the different data types that can be used to store and manipulate information. Data types define the size and type of data that can be stored in a variable. By using the appropriate data type, you can ensure efficient use of memory and accurate representation of your data.
Numeric Data Types
Arduino supports several numeric data types, each with its own range and precision.
The int data type is used to store whole numbers (integer values) in the range -32,768 to 32,767. It occupies 2 bytes of memory.
2. unsigned int
The unsigned int data type is similar to int, but it can only store positive values from 0 to 65,535. It also uses 2 bytes of memory.
The long data type is used for larger whole numbers in the range -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647. It occupies 4 bytes of memory.
4. unsigned long
The unsigned long data type is similar to long, but it can only store positive values from 0 to 4,294,967,295. It also uses 4 bytes of memory.
The float data type is used for decimal numbers (floating-point values) with single precision. It occupies 4 bytes of memory and can represent numbers with up to 7 decimal digits.
The double data type is similar to float, but it provides double precision. It occupies 8 bytes of memory and can represent numbers with up to 15 decimal digits.
Other Data Types
In addition to numeric data types, Arduino also supports other types of data:
The boolean data type can store either true or false. It occupies 1 byte of memory. char
The char data type is used to store a single character. It occupies 1 byte of memory and can represent any ASCII character.
Data Type Modifiers
In Arduino programming, you can use modifiers to further specify the properties of a data type:
The const modifier is used to define a constant value that cannot be modified during program execution. volatile
The volatile modifier is used for variables that can be modified by external factors, such as interrupts.
- Numeric data types:
- int: for whole numbers in the range -32,768 to 32,767.
- unsigned int: for positive whole numbers from 0 to 65,535.
- long: for larger whole numbers in the range -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647.
- unsigned long: for positive whole numbers from 0 to 4,294,967,295.
- float: for decimal numbers with single precision.
- double: for decimal numbers with double precision.
- Other data types:
- boolean: for storing true or false values.
- char: for storing a single character.
In addition to these data types, you can use modifiers like const and volatile, depending on your specific requirements. Understanding and using the appropriate data type is essential for efficient and reliable Arduino programming.
I hope this article has helped you gain a better understanding of the different data types available in Arduino. Happy coding!
– Arduino Documentation: https://www.cc/reference/en/language/variables/data-types/