What Is Data Structure in Pega?


Heather Bennett

Data structure is a fundamental concept in Pega that helps organize and store data in a systematic way. It plays a crucial role in ensuring efficient data management and retrieval within Pega applications. In this article, we will explore what data structures are and how they are used in Pega development.

What are Data Structures?

Data structures are containers that hold data elements together in a specific format. They provide a way to organize and store data so that it can be easily accessed and manipulated. In Pega, there are several types of data structures available, including pages, page lists, and page groups.


Pages are one of the most commonly used data structures in Pega. They act as containers for related properties and allow developers to group related information together. Pages can be thought of as similar to objects or records in other programming languages.

  • Properties: Pages contain properties that represent individual pieces of information.
  • Nested Pages: Pages can also contain nested pages, allowing for hierarchical organization of data.
  • Accessing Properties: Properties within a page can be accessed using dot notation: `PageName.PropertyName`.

Page Lists

Page lists, as the name suggests, are ordered collections of pages. They allow for storing multiple instances of the same structure within a single container. Page lists are commonly used when dealing with repeating groups of data.

  • Add/Remove Items: Page lists allow for adding or removing items dynamically at runtime.
  • Accessing Items: Individual items within a page list can be accessed using an index, similar to accessing elements in an array.
  • Looping: Page lists are often used in conjunction with loops to iterate over each item and perform operations.

Page Groups

Page groups are similar to page lists, but instead of storing ordered collections, they store unordered collections of pages. Page groups are useful when the order of pages is not important, and quick access to specific pages is required.

  • Key-Value Pairs: Page groups use a key-value pair structure to store and retrieve pages.
  • Fast Lookup: Pages within a page group can be quickly accessed using the associated key.
  • No Duplicate Keys: Each key in a page group must be unique; otherwise, it will overwrite the existing page with the same key.

In Conclusion

Understanding data structures is essential for effective Pega development. Pages, page lists, and page groups provide flexible ways to organize and manage data within Pega applications.

By utilizing these data structures correctly, developers can ensure efficient data storage, retrieval, and manipulation.

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