What Is Byte Data Type in Stata?


Angela Bailey

The byte data type in Stata is used to store integer values between 0 and 255. It is commonly used when memory space is a concern, as it requires only 1 byte of storage compared to the 4 bytes required by the int data type.

In this tutorial, we will explore the byte data type in Stata and its various applications.

Declaring a Byte Variable

To declare a variable as a byte type in Stata, we use the following syntax:

byte variable_name

For example, if we want to create a byte variable called “age” to store ages of individuals, we would use the following command:

byte age

Assigning Values to Byte Variables

Once we have declared a byte variable, we can assign values to it using the assignment operator (=). However, it’s important to note that any value assigned to a byte variable must be within the range of 0 and 255.

Let’s say we want to assign the value 30 to our “age” variable. We can do so using the following command:

byte age = 30

If we try to assign a value outside the valid range, Stata will throw an error. For example, if we try to assign a value of -10 or 300 to our “age” variable, Stata will display an error message.

Using Byte Variables in Calculations and Operations

Byte variables can be used in various calculations and operations just like any other numerical data type in Stata. However, it’s important to keep in mind that Stata will automatically convert byte variables to int or float types when necessary.

For example, let’s say we have two byte variables “a” and “b” and we want to calculate their sum. Stata would automatically convert them to int types before performing the addition operation.

byte a = 100
byte b = 150

display a + b // Stata will convert a and b to int type before adding them

Benefits of Using Byte Data Type

The byte data type offers several benefits in terms of memory efficiency and performance. By using the byte data type instead of the int or float data types, you can save significant memory space, especially when working with large datasets.

Additionally, since byte variables occupy less memory, they can be processed faster than larger data types. This can be particularly advantageous when working with computationally intensive operations or when dealing with limited computing resources.

Limitations of Using Byte Data Type

While the byte data type has its advantages, it also comes with some limitations. The most obvious limitation is the restricted range of values that can be stored in a byte variable (0-255).

This may not be suitable for scenarios where larger values need to be represented accurately.

Furthermore, as mentioned earlier, Stata automatically converts byte variables to int or float types when necessary. This conversion can result in loss of precision or unexpected behavior if not handled properly.


In this tutorial, we explored the byte data type in Stata and its various applications. We learned how to declare byte variables, assign values to them, and use them in calculations and operations.

We also discussed the benefits and limitations of using byte variables in Stata.

By understanding the byte data type and its potential applications, you can optimize your Stata code for memory usage and performance, especially when working with large datasets or computationally intensive tasks.

Discord Server - Web Server - Private Server - DNS Server - Object-Oriented Programming - Scripting - Data Types - Data Structures

Privacy Policy