What Is Apache Web Server Ubuntu?


Larry Thompson

What Is Apache Web Server Ubuntu?

The Apache web server is a powerful software that allows you to host websites and serve them over the internet. It is one of the most popular web servers in the world, known for its stability, flexibility, and security. In this tutorial, we will focus specifically on installing and configuring Apache on an Ubuntu operating system.

Installing Apache

To install Apache on Ubuntu, open a terminal window and type the following command:

sudo apt-get install apache2

This command will download and install Apache from the official Ubuntu repositories. You may be asked to enter your password to proceed with the installation.

Starting and Stopping Apache

Once installed, you can start or stop Apache using the following commands:

sudo systemctl start apache2 - Starts the Apache service
sudo systemctl stop apache2 - Stops the Apache service

If you want Apache to start automatically when your server boots up, you can enable it with this command:

sudo systemctl enable apache2

Configuring Apache

The main configuration file for Apache on Ubuntu is located at /etc/apache2/apache2.conf. You can edit this file using a text editor of your choice.

Serving Websites

To serve a website with Apache, place your website files in the /var/www/html/ directory. The default web page for Apache is located at /var/www/html/index.html. You can replace this file with your own content or create additional files and directories as needed.

Virtual Hosts

If you need to host multiple websites on the same server, you can use Apache’s virtual hosting feature. Virtual hosts allow you to configure different websites with their own separate configurations. The default virtual host configuration file is located at /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.

To create a new virtual host, you can copy the default configuration file and modify it to fit your needs. For example:

sudo cp /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf /etc/apache2/sites-available/mywebsite.conf

Then, open the new configuration file and make the necessary changes:

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/mywebsite.conf

Once you've made your changes, save the file and enable the new virtual host:

sudo a2ensite mywebsite.conf
sudo systemctl reload apache2


In this tutorial, we have covered the basics of Apache web server installation and configuration on Ubuntu. We learned how to install Apache, start and stop its service, and configure it to serve websites and virtual hosts.

Apache is a versatile web server that can handle a wide range of web hosting needs. With its robust features and extensive documentation, it remains a popular choice for both beginners and experienced developers.