What Is an Example of Inheritance in Object Oriented Programming?


Angela Bailey

In object-oriented programming (OOP), inheritance is a powerful concept that allows us to create new classes based on existing ones. This enables code reuse and helps in organizing and structuring our programs efficiently. In this article, we will explore an example of inheritance in OOP and understand how it works.

What is Inheritance?
Inheritance is a fundamental feature of OOP that allows a class to inherit properties and behaviors from another class. The class that inherits is called the child class, while the class being inherited from is called the parent class or base class. The child class can extend or modify the functionality of the parent class, making it more specialized.

An Example of Inheritance:
Let’s consider an example where we have a base class called Animal. This class represents generic characteristics and behaviors of animals.

Now, we want to create specific classes for different types of animals, such as dogs, cats, and birds. These classes will inherit properties and behaviors from the Animal base class but may also have their own unique characteristics.

The Animal Class:

We start by defining our base class, Animal. It will have common attributes like name and age, as well as common methods like eat() and sleep(). Here’s how it looks in code:

class Animal {
  constructor(name, age) {
    this.name = name;
    this.age = age;

  eat() {
    console.log("The animal is eating.");

  sleep() {
    console.log("The animal is sleeping.");

The Dog Class:

Now, let’s create a child class called Dog that inherits from the Animal class. The Dog class will have its own unique method called bark(). Here’s how we can implement it:

class Dog extends Animal {
  constructor(name, age, breed) {
    super(name, age);
    this.breed = breed;

  bark() {
    console.log("The dog is barking.");

In the code above, we use the extends keyword to inherit from the Animal class. The super() method is used to call the constructor of the parent class and pass in the required parameters.

Using the Dog Class:

Now, let’s create an instance of the Dog class and see how it works:

const myDog = new Dog("Max", 5, "Labrador");
console.log(myDog.name); // Output: Max
console.age); // Output: 5
myDog.eat(); // Output: The animal is eating. myDog.sleep(); // Output: The animal is sleeping. 

myDog.bark(); // Output: The dog is barking. </code>

As you can see, by inheriting from the Animal class, the Dog class not only has access to its own unique method bark(), but also inherits properties like name and age from Animal. Additionally, it can also call methods eat() and sleep() defined in the Animal class.

Inheritance is a powerful concept in OOP that allows us to create specialized classes based on existing ones. By inheriting properties and behaviors from a base class, we can reuse code effectively and create a well-organized program structure.

In our example, we saw how a Dog class inherited from an Animal class and added its own unique features. This helps us build complex applications with ease.

  • Inheritance allows code reuse and helps in organizing programs efficiently.
  • Child classes inherit properties and behaviors from parent classes.
  • Child classes can extend or modify the functionality of the parent class.

So, next time you find yourself writing repetitive code, think about inheritance and how it can simplify your development process!

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