What Is an Argument in Scripting?


Larry Thompson

An argument in scripting refers to a value that is passed to a function or method. It provides information or data that the function or method needs to perform its task. Arguments are essential in programming as they allow us to pass data between different parts of our code.

Types of arguments
In scripting, there are different types of arguments that can be used:

1. Required arguments:
These are the arguments that must be provided when calling a function or method. If you don’t provide the required arguments, an error will occur.

2. Default arguments:
Default arguments have predefined values and are optional to provide when calling a function or method. If you don’t provide any value for a default argument, the predefined value will be used.

3. Keyword arguments:
Keyword arguments are passed with their names, which allows us to pass arguments in any order we want. This can make our code more readable and easier to maintain.

Examples of using different types of arguments:

Required Arguments

Let’s consider a simple function called greet, which takes one required argument, name. The purpose of this function is to greet the person by their name:

function greet(name) {
console.log("Hello, " + name + "!");


In this example, we’re passing the name “John” as an argument to the greet function. When executed, it will output: “Hello, John!”.

Default Arguments

Now let’s add a default argument to our greet function. We’ll set the default value of name as “Guest”:

function greet(name = "Guest") {
console.log("Hello, " + name + "!");

greet(); // Output: Hello, Guest!
greet("John"); // Output: Hello, John!

In the first call to greet, where no argument is provided, the function will use the default value “Guest” and output: “Hello, Guest!”.

Keyword Arguments

Keyword arguments allow us to pass arguments in any order by specifying the argument name:

function greet(firstName, lastName) {
console.log("Hello, " + firstName + " " + lastName + "!");

greet({ lastName: "Doe", firstName: "John" });

In this example, we’re passing an object with keys as argument names to the greet function. Even though the order is different from the function’s parameter order, it will still output: “Hello, John Doe!”.


Understanding arguments in scripting is crucial for writing functional and modular code. By utilizing required arguments, default arguments, and keyword arguments effectively, you can create more flexible and reusable functions or methods. Incorporating these concepts into your scripting repertoire will enhance your ability to pass and manipulate data within your codebase.

Discord Server - Web Server - Private Server - DNS Server - Object-Oriented Programming - Scripting - Data Types - Data Structures

Privacy Policy