What Is a String Data Type in Visual Basic?


Scott Campbell

Visual Basic is a popular programming language used for developing various types of applications. One essential data type in Visual Basic is the string data type. In this tutorial, we will explore what a string data type is and how it is used in Visual Basic.

Understanding the String Data Type

In simple terms, a string is a sequence of characters. In Visual Basic, the string data type represents textual data such as names, addresses, sentences, and more. It can contain letters, numbers, symbols, and even spaces.


Dim myString As String = "Hello World!"

In the above example, myString is declared as a string variable and assigned the value “Hello World!”. This means that myString can store any sequence of characters within it.

Working with Strings

In Visual Basic, you can perform various operations on strings to manipulate or extract information from them.


Concatenation is the process of combining two or more strings together. This can be achieved using the concatenation operator (+) or by using the String.Concat() method.


' Using concatenation operator
Dim firstName As String = "John"
Dim lastName As String = "Doe"
Dim fullName As String = firstName + " " + lastName

' Using String.Concat() method
Dim upperFullName As String = String.Concat(firstName.ToUpper(), " ", lastName.ToUpper())

String Length

To determine the length of a string (i.e., the number of characters it contains), you can use the Len() function or access the Length property.


Dim message As String = "Hello World!"
Dim length As Integer = Len(message)
Dim lengthProperty As Integer = message.Length

String Manipulation

You can manipulate strings in various ways, such as converting them to uppercase or lowercase, extracting substrings, replacing characters, and more. Visual Basic provides several built-in functions and methods to perform these operations.


Dim sentence As String = "This is a sample sentence."
Dim upperSentence As String = sentence.ToUpper()
Dim lowerSentence As String = sentence.ToLower()
Dim substring As String = sentence.Substring(5, 7) ' Extracts the substring starting from index 5 with a length of 7 characters
Dim replacedSentence As String = sentence.Replace("sample", "new")


The string data type is an essential component of Visual Basic programming. It allows us to store and manipulate textual information efficiently. By understanding how to work with strings in Visual Basic, you can create powerful applications that handle user input, generate dynamic content, and perform various string-related operations.

In this tutorial, we explored the basics of the string data type in Visual Basic. We learned how to define string variables, concatenate strings, determine their length, and manipulate them using built-in functions and methods. With this knowledge, you are now equipped to handle textual data in your Visual Basic programs effectively.

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